Responsibility for Justice

Responsibility for Justice[Reading] ➿ Responsibility for Justice Author Iris Marion Young – When the noted political philosopher Iris Marion Young died in 2006 her death was mourned as the passing of one of the most important political philosophers of the past uarter century Cass Sunstein an When the noted political philosopher Iris Marion Young died in her death was mourned as the passing of one of the most important political philosophers of the past uarter century Cass Sunstein and as an important and innovative thinker working at the conjunction Responsibility for MOBI :¼ of a number of important topics global justice; democracy and difference; continental political theory; ethics and international affairs; and gender race and public policyIn her long awaited Responsibility for Justice Young discusses our responsibilities to address structural injustices in which we among many are implicated but for which we not to blame often by virtue of participating in a market such as buying goods produced in sweatshops or participating in booming housing markets that leave many homeless Young argues that addressing these structural injustices reuires a new model of responsibility which she calls the social connection model She develops this idea by clarifying the nature of structural injustice; developing the notion of political responsibility for injustice and how it differs from older ideas of blame and guilt; and finally how we can then use this model to describe our responsibilities to others no matter who we are and where we liveWith a foreward by Martha C Nussbaum this last statement by a revered and highly influential thinker will be of great interest to political theorists and philosophers ethicists and feminist and political philosophers. This is a book of fundamental significance for any debate about social and political justice Young has carefully separated the concepts of guiltblame and responsibility and shows how structural injustice emerges from the actions of a multitude of separate individuals all acting within their rights in good faith and pursuing their legitimate interests As a result she has uncovered the mechanisms at work in the reproduction of social phenomena that are often deplored also by those who unwittingly participate in the chains of actions that make such injustice possible and also provided us with a basis from which to challenge it Lucid well argumented and offering highly relevant critiue of many scholars who have previously addressed these issues both classics Rawls and Arendt among them and contemporary authors this book is essential reading not just for anyone interested in social science but for everyone who wishes to clear up their own ideas about the society and their own role in it Of course there are a few minor points in which I disagree with Young but they won't make sense to anyone who hasn't read the book so I am not going to elaborate on them Contemporary theories of justice typically focus on the problem of distribution and what John Rawls calls the core institutions of a well ordered democratic society Young's book argues for expanding justice beyond basic social institutions to the structure of society In doing so she addresses the difficult uestion of collective responsibility for unjust social circumstances Through a critical reading of Hannah Arendt's views on collective responsibility Young engages and criticizes the limitations of traditional moral and legal conceptions of responsibility and guilt to develop what she calls the social connection model of responsibility According to this view agents whose conduct contributes even if unintentionally to social processes that have unjust outcomes share some responsibility for addressing social injustice In the later chapters of the book Young draws on this model of responsibility for justice to address globalization and historical justices The book will be of interest to those concerned with understanding the problems of social and economic justice as well as scholars and students of political theory and philosophy A work of political philosophy advocating for a view of justice framed by global responsibility Young shows how an account of justice framed by personal guilt or liability is inadeuate when we start to discuss the reality of structures and institutions Instead Young puts forward that we must begin to consider justice through the lens of future oriented responsibility with an emphasis on our actions having ramifications that contradict our own values This connection al model of justice is capable of ascribing guilt and liability to individual actors that cause harm through their actions but is also capable of showing how a society can while individually guiltless become unjust in its structures and institutions Young shows how we are responsible globally but especially locally for creating a just society and increasing our awareness of injustice While we cannot be called guilty of past injustices in this model we are responsible for repairing the hurt of past injustices I really appreciate Young's distinction between guilt and responsibility and similarly between a liability model of responsibility for injustice and a social connection model In discussions about injustice it is easy to get caught up in whether I as an individual am at fault for the ills of the world Young describes this perspective as unproductive Rather than trying to place blame for great social injustices that transcend individuals we can realize that we have a social connection to the rest of the world We might not be guilty of specific infractions against other people but we do have a collective responsibility to work to rectify problems and work for justice Outstanding exploration of what it means to be responsible and take responsibility for promoting justice She offers the notion of a “social connect” model and locates responsibilities for justice in our connection with each other differing this from the liability foundation for responsibility arguing that our levels of responsibilities vary depending upon our levels of privilegeHighly recommended Great read for those interested in understanding power privilege responsibility around addressing some key issues around justice It covers many ideas and can be dense but is also applicable It is not all theoreticalphilosophical Unrealistic As Abraham Joshua Heschel said in many contexts some are guilty all are responsible With no sign that she ever heard of such an aphorism Iris Marion Young brilliantly develops it into a detailed moral theory and applies it to housing issuesFive stars for Young's book one star for Nussbaum's wretched foreword Her personal tribute to Young is fine but if she couldn't stifle the urge to attack the late author's basic thesis in favor of generalized guilt baiting she should have put it in an afterword

Responsibility for Justice Kindle î Responsibility
  • Hardcover
  • 193 pages
  • Responsibility for Justice
  • Iris Marion Young
  • English
  • 06 July 2016
  • 9780195392388