Flu: The Story Of the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 and the Search for the Virus That Caused It

Flu: The Story Of the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 and the Search for the Virus That Caused It❰Reading❯ ➿ Flu: The Story Of the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 and the Search for the Virus That Caused It Author Gina Kolata – Oaklandjobs.co.uk In the Great Flu Epidemic killed an estimated million people virtually overnight If such a plague returned today, taking a comparable percentage of the US population with it, million Americans woul Inthe Great Flu Epidemic killed an Story Of eBook ´ estimatedmillion people virtually overnight If such a plague returned today, taking a comparable percentage of the Flu: The eBook · US population with it,million Americans would dieThe fascinating, true story of the world s deadliest diseaseIn , the Great Flu Epidemic felled the The Story Of MOBI î young and healthy virtually overnight An estimated forty million people died as the epidemic raged Children were left orphaned and families were devastated As many American soldiers were killed by theflu as were killed in battle during World War I And no area of the globe was safe Eskimos living in remote outposts in the frozen tundra were sickened and killed by the flu in such numbers that entire villages were wiped outScientists have recently rediscovered shards of the flu virus frozen in Alaska and preserved in scraps of tissue in a government warehouse Gina Kolata, an acclaimed reporter for The New York Times, unravels the mystery of this lethal virus with the high drama of a great adventure story Delving into the history of the flu and previous epidemics, detailing the science and the latest understanding of this mortal disease, Kolata addresses the prospects for a great epidemic recurring, and, most important, what can be done to prevent it. This is a detective story Here was a mass murderer that was around 80 years ago and who s never been brought to justice And what we re trying to do is find the murderer Jeffery Taubenberger, molecular pathologistThere are estimates that the 1918 Flu killed anywhere from 20 million to 100 million people dwarfing the number of people killed in World War One Either number is horrifying, but as modern scientists start putting data together the larger number becomesrealistic I ve always This is a detective story Here was a mass murderer that was around 80 years ago and who s never been brought to justice And what we re trying to do is find the murderer Jeffery Taubenberger, molecular pathologistThere are estimates that the 1918 Flu killed anywhere from 20 million to 100 million people dwarfing the number of people killed in World War One Either number is horrifying, but as modern scientists start putting data together the larger number becomesrealistic I ve always been fascinated with the 1918 Flu outbreak for a number of reasons, but the one that really sticks with me is that we never defeated it We never knocked it to the canvas It came, it killed, it disappearedHistorian Alfred W Crosby remarks that whatever the exact number felled by the 1918 flu, one thing is indisputable the virus killedhumans than any other disease in a period of similar duration in the history of the world That is a big statement It makes the Black Plague look like a featherweightHow lethal was it It was twenty five timesdeadly than ordinary influenzas This flu killed 2.5 percent of its victims Normally just one tenth of 1 percent of people who get the flu die And since a fifth of the world s population got the flu that year, including 28 percent of Americans, the number of deaths was stunning So many died, in fact, that the average life span in the United States fell by twelve years in 1918 If such a plague came today, killing a similar fraction of the U S population, 1.5 million Americans would die1918 Influenza VirusInterest was reignited in the 1918 influenza outbreak when swine flu bird flu showed up in the 1970s and again in the 1990s China is a hot bed for new influenza bugs because of the proximity of birds swine humans Many times you find all three species under the same roof Birds cannot pass flu to humans, but they can pass it to swine Swine, being a close genetic relative to humans, not that surprising can incubate a bird flu and pass it to humans The moral of the story is that pigs, birds and humans should not wallow in the same mud hole The current thought is that the 1918 flu came to humans via pigs via birdsIn theory, a bird flu could not infect a human because the virus should require cellular enzymes found in bird intestinal cells but not in human lung cells Yet if, against all odds, a bird flu virus was infecting people, it would have hemagglutinin and neuraminidase proteins that had never been seen before by a human being No human would be immune to such a virus The whole world was at riskI know he is cute, but he is a deadly assassin.So there is this very unfortunate pig who becomes infected with a human virus and a bird virus at the same time He becomes a blender for these two viruses and the next time a human scratches him behind the ears, most likely a child wonderful incubators , he will pass the new concoction on to humanity which is tragic on many levels, but for the pig especially because who will fill his slop trough if his humans are critically sick Before HIV appeared on the scene which would shift all infectious disease researchers in that direction there were teams of scientists searching for samples of the 1918 flu As is the case with a publish or perish society scientists are not very good at sharing informations, so as one team goes to Alaska to look for victims of the 1918 flu, hopefully still frozen in permafrost, another team is planning to go to an island of Norway with the same thought When the Alaska team finds a perfectly preserved specimen that information of course is not shared with the rivals even though there was a scientist coordinating both teams Johan Hultin is the man who makes the findShe was an obese woman she had fat in her skin and around her organs and that served as a protection from the occasional short term thawing of permafrost Hultin explained Those on either side of her were not obese and they had decayed I sat on the pail and saw this woman in a state of good preservation And I knew that this was where the virus has got to come from, shedding light on the mysteries of 1918Johan Hultin virus detective.I would hope, and firmly believe that if the world was on the brink of a major pandemic that scientists would pool their research and share any breakthroughs before publishing being credited their findings During the course of this investigation they also found paraffin preserved lung tissue from victims of the 1918 flu stored at the National Tissue Repository maintained by the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology Nice to know we have such a handy repository of our disease history When a deadly influenza swine flu virus showed up in 1976 President Gerald Ford took the initiative I know right who would have thunk it that for the first time in human history the government was going to try and immunize the whole country The press was favorable in the beginning of the program, but papers like the New York Post started to turn the tide towards government conspiracy theories They wrote on October 14th and article That spoke of a seventy five year old woman who winced at the sting of the hypodermic, then had taken a few feeble steps and dropped dead. Then on October 25th,the paper suggested that Carol Gambino, the mobster, had been killed by the Mafia using a swine flu shot as the deadly weapon. These misguided, uninformed, paranoid beliefs are laughable, but with politicians like Michelle Bachman and with radio talk show hosts like Rush Limbaugh who are suspicious of any government programs, especially if a Democrat is in the White House, and are very loud about their opposition I m sure a similar program to try and stop a nasty flu bug before it got started would be met with heavy unwarranted criticism that could ultimately cost a lot of lives If the 1918 influenza were to appear today we have antibiotics to counter the bacteria that floods the weakened lungs pneumonia killed as many orpeople than the virus of a virus ridden body so death counts would be reduced from the 1918 level, but due to the efforts of a handful of scientists we do have the ability now to immunize a population if they will let us Gina Kolata has taken me on an investigative adventure that not only made science fascinating, but also accessible I m scared, but less scared because I have confidence in the ability of our best and brightest to keep the worst nightmares at bay if only we give them the means and we listen to them before the tip over point has been attained I love a good disease book And I think the 1918 flu is just about as fascinating as you can get But this book talksabout theories and old timey labs than it does about the human side of this epidemic Which, let s face it, is what s really interesting Imagine all of a sudden having a common illness sweep through your community and kill young healthy people so fast that you don t even have time to bury them right That s some serious shit This book just didn t do it justice I would lik I love a good disease book And I think the 1918 flu is just about as fascinating as you can get But this book talksabout theories and old timey labs than it does about the human side of this epidemic Which, let s face it, is what s really interesting Imagine all of a sudden having a common illness sweep through your community and kill young healthy people so fast that you don t even have time to bury them right That s some serious shit This book just didn t do it justice I would like to find another that maybe does a better job.That being said, this lady s name is Gina Kolata If you like Gina Kolata, and getting caught in the rain Did not finish If you re looking for a book about what it was like to experience the 1918 flu pandemic, this is not the book you want The title of this book should be The Search for the Virus That Caused the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 It starts off with a little bit about the actual pandemic, and the rest of the book is long detailed histories of all the doctors and researchers who tried to figure out how the virus worked, where it came from, and if it had somehow survived for decades i Did not finish If you re looking for a book about what it was like to experience the 1918 flu pandemic, this is not the book you want The title of this book should be The Search for the Virus That Caused the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 It starts off with a little bit about the actual pandemic, and the rest of the book is long detailed histories of all the doctors and researchers who tried to figure out how the virus worked, where it came from, and if it had somehow survived for decades in the bodies of those who died from it There s also quite a lot of discussion of other pandemics of the 20th century, and the efforts to discover if those viruses were somehow descendants of that 1918 strain This is the third book I have started and abandoned in my quest to find a book that provides a narrative of what it was like to actually live through the 1918 pandemic Onward Outstanding book with lots of scientific info So much time and energy was spent by many, many people to find out the cause of the 1918 flu pandemic but alas not definitive answer has yet been found Will it ever come This was a really well written, extremely easy to understand and informative read I recommend this one This book was just excellent and that s all that needs to be said.I recommend it to anyone who has an interest in medical history and likes Germ Theory Why I didn t study science at university instead of the arts is beyond me. Unfortunately I found the writing horribly awkward and clunky And worst of all for me, extremely repetitive and long winded I m fairly certain the book could have been at least a third shorter if the redundancies, unnecessary re explanations, barely related tangents, and overly wordy sentences had been pruned It brings to mind the way I was taught to write as a history major in college and so many dry history books I had to readwords are always better, and it s good to restate the same Unfortunately I found the writing horribly awkward and clunky And worst of all for me, extremely repetitive and long winded I m fairly certain the book could have been at least a third shorter if the redundancies, unnecessary re explanations, barely related tangents, and overly wordy sentences had been pruned It brings to mind the way I was taught to write as a history major in college and so many dry history books I had to readwords are always better, and it s good to restate the same things several times with slightly different wording The two stars are for the wonderful book this could have been if the fascinating science and history had not been buried beneath all that terrible prose Outstanding I picked it up a second time because it s in my interests, without recognizing it It was outstanding the second time through, so I finished it again Mar 12, 2020Came up today, since the 18 flu turned out to be H1N1 Good reading for perspective on science and outbreaks. The title is a little bit of a misnomer It s not so much a history of the pandemic just a portion of the first chapter is devoted to that as a history of the efforts of scientists subsequent to the actual pandemic to understand where it came from and why it was so lethal As many as 100 million killed worldwide The book is also frustrating, because it ends without any resolution to those questions, but with a tease that results are just around the corner It was published in 1999, so I m The title is a little bit of a misnomer It s not so much a history of the pandemic just a portion of the first chapter is devoted to that as a history of the efforts of scientists subsequent to the actual pandemic to understand where it came from and why it was so lethal As many as 100 million killed worldwide The book is also frustrating, because it ends without any resolution to those questions, but with a tease that results are just around the corner It was published in 1999, so I m hoping there may be somethingrecent that may provide some answers That said, it was a very good read Well written, compelling, almost like a detective story, with interesting characters throughout A reasonable amount of technical biological detail about the virus was handled well Not too heavy for a non scientist A good book on the deadly, ill named, spanish flu because today nobody knows where exactly this pandemia begun.The book is devoted to the history,epidemiology and investigation of this letal virus,that killed over 50 million humans arroun the world in the 1918 pandemia ,the most letal after the black dead,and its final reconstruction by means of frozen inuit lungs,dead by the disease, in the alaskan permafrost Flu is a quick, easy, read that skims over the 1918 Pandemic and introduces the reader to the current science of influenza.However, the book draws no solid conclusions, and has no real ending It also leaves threads hanging at the conclusion We are never told from what virus strain H1N1 the recovered RNA indicated the 1918 flu belonged Finally, the chatty biographies of the books personalities were really annoying to have to wade through Does it really matter that Kirsty Duncan does Cel Flu is a quick, easy, read that skims over the 1918 Pandemic and introduces the reader to the current science of influenza.However, the book draws no solid conclusions, and has no real ending It also leaves threads hanging at the conclusion We are never told from what virus strain H1N1 the recovered RNA indicated the 1918 flu belonged Finally, the chatty biographies of the books personalities were really annoying to have to wade through Does it really matter that Kirsty Duncan does Celtic dancing What I am most grateful for is the book s introducing me to Crosby s America s Forgotten Pandemic The Influenza of 1918 Pass this book up and go straight to America s Forgotten Pandemic

Flu: The Story Of the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 and
    Flu: The Story Of the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 and As many American soldiers were killed by theflu as were killed in battle during World War I And no area of the globe was safe Eskimos living in remote outposts in the frozen tundra were sickened and killed by the flu in such numbers that entire villages were wiped outScientists have recently rediscovered shards of the flu virus frozen in Alaska and preserved in scraps of tissue in a government warehouse Gina Kolata, an acclaimed reporter for The New York Times, unravels the mystery of this lethal virus with the high drama of a great adventure story Delving into the history of the flu and previous epidemics, detailing the science and the latest understanding of this mortal disease, Kolata addresses the prospects for a great epidemic recurring, and, most important, what can be done to prevent it. This is a detective story Here was a mass murderer that was around 80 years ago and who s never been brought to justice And what we re trying to do is find the murderer Jeffery Taubenberger, molecular pathologistThere are estimates that the 1918 Flu killed anywhere from 20 million to 100 million people dwarfing the number of people killed in World War One Either number is horrifying, but as modern scientists start putting data together the larger number becomesrealistic I ve always This is a detective story Here was a mass murderer that was around 80 years ago and who s never been brought to justice And what we re trying to do is find the murderer Jeffery Taubenberger, molecular pathologistThere are estimates that the 1918 Flu killed anywhere from 20 million to 100 million people dwarfing the number of people killed in World War One Either number is horrifying, but as modern scientists start putting data together the larger number becomesrealistic I ve always been fascinated with the 1918 Flu outbreak for a number of reasons, but the one that really sticks with me is that we never defeated it We never knocked it to the canvas It came, it killed, it disappearedHistorian Alfred W Crosby remarks that whatever the exact number felled by the 1918 flu, one thing is indisputable the virus killedhumans than any other disease in a period of similar duration in the history of the world That is a big statement It makes the Black Plague look like a featherweightHow lethal was it It was twenty five timesdeadly than ordinary influenzas This flu killed 2.5 percent of its victims Normally just one tenth of 1 percent of people who get the flu die And since a fifth of the world s population got the flu that year, including 28 percent of Americans, the number of deaths was stunning So many died, in fact, that the average life span in the United States fell by twelve years in 1918 If such a plague came today, killing a similar fraction of the U S population, 1.5 million Americans would die1918 Influenza VirusInterest was reignited in the 1918 influenza outbreak when swine flu bird flu showed up in the 1970s and again in the 1990s China is a hot bed for new influenza bugs because of the proximity of birds swine humans Many times you find all three species under the same roof Birds cannot pass flu to humans, but they can pass it to swine Swine, being a close genetic relative to humans, not that surprising can incubate a bird flu and pass it to humans The moral of the story is that pigs, birds and humans should not wallow in the same mud hole The current thought is that the 1918 flu came to humans via pigs via birdsIn theory, a bird flu could not infect a human because the virus should require cellular enzymes found in bird intestinal cells but not in human lung cells Yet if, against all odds, a bird flu virus was infecting people, it would have hemagglutinin and neuraminidase proteins that had never been seen before by a human being No human would be immune to such a virus The whole world was at riskI know he is cute, but he is a deadly assassin.So there is this very unfortunate pig who becomes infected with a human virus and a bird virus at the same time He becomes a blender for these two viruses and the next time a human scratches him behind the ears, most likely a child wonderful incubators , he will pass the new concoction on to humanity which is tragic on many levels, but for the pig especially because who will fill his slop trough if his humans are critically sick Before HIV appeared on the scene which would shift all infectious disease researchers in that direction there were teams of scientists searching for samples of the 1918 flu As is the case with a publish or perish society scientists are not very good at sharing informations, so as one team goes to Alaska to look for victims of the 1918 flu, hopefully still frozen in permafrost, another team is planning to go to an island of Norway with the same thought When the Alaska team finds a perfectly preserved specimen that information of course is not shared with the rivals even though there was a scientist coordinating both teams Johan Hultin is the man who makes the findShe was an obese woman she had fat in her skin and around her organs and that served as a protection from the occasional short term thawing of permafrost Hultin explained Those on either side of her were not obese and they had decayed I sat on the pail and saw this woman in a state of good preservation And I knew that this was where the virus has got to come from, shedding light on the mysteries of 1918Johan Hultin virus detective.I would hope, and firmly believe that if the world was on the brink of a major pandemic that scientists would pool their research and share any breakthroughs before publishing being credited their findings During the course of this investigation they also found paraffin preserved lung tissue from victims of the 1918 flu stored at the National Tissue Repository maintained by the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology Nice to know we have such a handy repository of our disease history When a deadly influenza swine flu virus showed up in 1976 President Gerald Ford took the initiative I know right who would have thunk it that for the first time in human history the government was going to try and immunize the whole country The press was favorable in the beginning of the program, but papers like the New York Post started to turn the tide towards government conspiracy theories They wrote on October 14th and article That spoke of a seventy five year old woman who winced at the sting of the hypodermic, then had taken a few feeble steps and dropped dead. Then on October 25th,the paper suggested that Carol Gambino, the mobster, had been killed by the Mafia using a swine flu shot as the deadly weapon. These misguided, uninformed, paranoid beliefs are laughable, but with politicians like Michelle Bachman and with radio talk show hosts like Rush Limbaugh who are suspicious of any government programs, especially if a Democrat is in the White House, and are very loud about their opposition I m sure a similar program to try and stop a nasty flu bug before it got started would be met with heavy unwarranted criticism that could ultimately cost a lot of lives If the 1918 influenza were to appear today we have antibiotics to counter the bacteria that floods the weakened lungs pneumonia killed as many orpeople than the virus of a virus ridden body so death counts would be reduced from the 1918 level, but due to the efforts of a handful of scientists we do have the ability now to immunize a population if they will let us Gina Kolata has taken me on an investigative adventure that not only made science fascinating, but also accessible I m scared, but less scared because I have confidence in the ability of our best and brightest to keep the worst nightmares at bay if only we give them the means and we listen to them before the tip over point has been attained I love a good disease book And I think the 1918 flu is just about as fascinating as you can get But this book talksabout theories and old timey labs than it does about the human side of this epidemic Which, let s face it, is what s really interesting Imagine all of a sudden having a common illness sweep through your community and kill young healthy people so fast that you don t even have time to bury them right That s some serious shit This book just didn t do it justice I would lik I love a good disease book And I think the 1918 flu is just about as fascinating as you can get But this book talksabout theories and old timey labs than it does about the human side of this epidemic Which, let s face it, is what s really interesting Imagine all of a sudden having a common illness sweep through your community and kill young healthy people so fast that you don t even have time to bury them right That s some serious shit This book just didn t do it justice I would like to find another that maybe does a better job.That being said, this lady s name is Gina Kolata If you like Gina Kolata, and getting caught in the rain Did not finish If you re looking for a book about what it was like to experience the 1918 flu pandemic, this is not the book you want The title of this book should be The Search for the Virus That Caused the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 It starts off with a little bit about the actual pandemic, and the rest of the book is long detailed histories of all the doctors and researchers who tried to figure out how the virus worked, where it came from, and if it had somehow survived for decades i Did not finish If you re looking for a book about what it was like to experience the 1918 flu pandemic, this is not the book you want The title of this book should be The Search for the Virus That Caused the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 It starts off with a little bit about the actual pandemic, and the rest of the book is long detailed histories of all the doctors and researchers who tried to figure out how the virus worked, where it came from, and if it had somehow survived for decades in the bodies of those who died from it There s also quite a lot of discussion of other pandemics of the 20th century, and the efforts to discover if those viruses were somehow descendants of that 1918 strain This is the third book I have started and abandoned in my quest to find a book that provides a narrative of what it was like to actually live through the 1918 pandemic Onward Outstanding book with lots of scientific info So much time and energy was spent by many, many people to find out the cause of the 1918 flu pandemic but alas not definitive answer has yet been found Will it ever come This was a really well written, extremely easy to understand and informative read I recommend this one This book was just excellent and that s all that needs to be said.I recommend it to anyone who has an interest in medical history and likes Germ Theory Why I didn t study science at university instead of the arts is beyond me. Unfortunately I found the writing horribly awkward and clunky And worst of all for me, extremely repetitive and long winded I m fairly certain the book could have been at least a third shorter if the redundancies, unnecessary re explanations, barely related tangents, and overly wordy sentences had been pruned It brings to mind the way I was taught to write as a history major in college and so many dry history books I had to readwords are always better, and it s good to restate the same Unfortunately I found the writing horribly awkward and clunky And worst of all for me, extremely repetitive and long winded I m fairly certain the book could have been at least a third shorter if the redundancies, unnecessary re explanations, barely related tangents, and overly wordy sentences had been pruned It brings to mind the way I was taught to write as a history major in college and so many dry history books I had to readwords are always better, and it s good to restate the same things several times with slightly different wording The two stars are for the wonderful book this could have been if the fascinating science and history had not been buried beneath all that terrible prose Outstanding I picked it up a second time because it s in my interests, without recognizing it It was outstanding the second time through, so I finished it again Mar 12, 2020Came up today, since the 18 flu turned out to be H1N1 Good reading for perspective on science and outbreaks. The title is a little bit of a misnomer It s not so much a history of the pandemic just a portion of the first chapter is devoted to that as a history of the efforts of scientists subsequent to the actual pandemic to understand where it came from and why it was so lethal As many as 100 million killed worldwide The book is also frustrating, because it ends without any resolution to those questions, but with a tease that results are just around the corner It was published in 1999, so I m The title is a little bit of a misnomer It s not so much a history of the pandemic just a portion of the first chapter is devoted to that as a history of the efforts of scientists subsequent to the actual pandemic to understand where it came from and why it was so lethal As many as 100 million killed worldwide The book is also frustrating, because it ends without any resolution to those questions, but with a tease that results are just around the corner It was published in 1999, so I m hoping there may be somethingrecent that may provide some answers That said, it was a very good read Well written, compelling, almost like a detective story, with interesting characters throughout A reasonable amount of technical biological detail about the virus was handled well Not too heavy for a non scientist A good book on the deadly, ill named, spanish flu because today nobody knows where exactly this pandemia begun.The book is devoted to the history,epidemiology and investigation of this letal virus,that killed over 50 million humans arroun the world in the 1918 pandemia ,the most letal after the black dead,and its final reconstruction by means of frozen inuit lungs,dead by the disease, in the alaskan permafrost Flu is a quick, easy, read that skims over the 1918 Pandemic and introduces the reader to the current science of influenza.However, the book draws no solid conclusions, and has no real ending It also leaves threads hanging at the conclusion We are never told from what virus strain H1N1 the recovered RNA indicated the 1918 flu belonged Finally, the chatty biographies of the books personalities were really annoying to have to wade through Does it really matter that Kirsty Duncan does Cel Flu is a quick, easy, read that skims over the 1918 Pandemic and introduces the reader to the current science of influenza.However, the book draws no solid conclusions, and has no real ending It also leaves threads hanging at the conclusion We are never told from what virus strain H1N1 the recovered RNA indicated the 1918 flu belonged Finally, the chatty biographies of the books personalities were really annoying to have to wade through Does it really matter that Kirsty Duncan does Celtic dancing What I am most grateful for is the book s introducing me to Crosby s America s Forgotten Pandemic The Influenza of 1918 Pass this book up and go straight to America s Forgotten Pandemic "/>
  • Paperback
  • 352 pages
  • Flu: The Story Of the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 and the Search for the Virus That Caused It
  • Gina Kolata
  • English
  • 06 June 2018
  • 0743203984