Denying the Holocaust The Growing Assault on Truth and Memory

Denying the Holocaust The Growing Assault on Truth and Memory[Read] ➳ Denying the Holocaust The Growing Assault on Truth and Memory ➻ Deborah E. Lipstadt – The denial of the Holocaust has no credibility than the assertion that the earth is flat Yet there are those who insist that the death of six million Jews in Nazi concentration camps is nothing but a The denial of the Holocaust The MOBI · Holocaust has no credibility than the assertion that the earth is flat Yet there are those who insist that the death of six million Jews in Nazi concentration camps is nothing but a hoax perpetrated by a powerful Zionist conspiracy Forty years ago such notions were the province of pseudohistorians who argued that Hitler Denying the PDF/EPUB or never meant to kill the Jews and that only a few hundred thousand died in the camps from disease; they also argued that the Allied bombings of Dresden and other cities were worse than any Nazi offense and that the Germans were the true victims of World War II For years those who made such claims were dismissed as the Holocaust The PDF/EPUB Ä harmless cranks operating on the lunatic fringe But over the past decade they have begun to gain a hearing in respectable arenas and now in the first full scale history of Holocaust denial Deborah Lipstadt shows how despite tens of thousands of living witnesses and vast amounts of documentary evidence this irrational idea the Holocaust The Growing Assault ePUB ✓ not only has continued to gain the Holocaust The Growing Assault ePUB ✓ adherents but has become an international movement with organized chapters independent research centers and official publications that promote a revisionist view of recent history One sign of the movement's disturbing resonance is the rise of such figures as the Holocaust denier David Duke to national prominence Holocaust deniers have also begun to make common cause with radical Afrocentrists such as Leonard Jeffries of New York's City University who retails racist myths about the Jews; and a recent campaign of ads in college newspapers calling for open debate on so called facts about the Holocaust suggests a bold new bid for mainstream intellectual legitimacy Lipstadt shows how Holocaust denial thrives in the current atmosphere of value relativism and argues that this chilling attack on the factual record not only threatens Jews but undermines the very tenets of objective scholarship that support our faith in historical knowledge T. UpdateJust seen the film of the trial of the book Denial and it was pretty good A word of explanation for anyone who doesn’t know – Deborah Lipstadt's excellent book trashes the Hitler loving anti Semitic David Irving It was published in 1993 and in 1996 Irving sued Penguin Books and the author for libel It was a huge case and this is the film of the events surrounding the court proceedings all of which is fascinating There is a problem with making such a film though – it bites off way than any film could chew so Holocaust denial is simplified into three or four bullet points which looks a lot like terrible dumbing down but I don’t see that could be avoided Most of the issues dealt with in the real trial don’t get a look in but if you make this movie that is going to happen The main issue centred on whether Irving had deliberately falsified information in his books in order to deny that gassings of Jews happened at Auschwitz And of course he had Such a strange thing to do – why would you bother? Suppose just for a moment that he was correct and Auschwitz was only a concentration camp and never an extermination facility – would he have then denied the existence of Sobibor Treblinka and Belzec the extermination only camps? Would he have denied the work of the Einsatzgruppen in Eastern Europe and Russia? Picking away at the gassings at Auschwitz seems useless and pointless but that is what the slimebag did Anyway I do recommend the film but I’m not sure what anyone who didn’t know the subject of Holocaust denial reasonably well would make of itFrom The Drowned and the Saved by Primo Levi In this brilliant passage Primo Levi anticipates the success of Holocaust denial Somewhere in a concentration camp in 1943 a Nazi addresses a Jew However this war may end we have won the war against you None of you will be left to bear witness but even if someone were to survive the world would not believe him There will be perhaps suspicions discussions research by historians but there will be no certainties because we will destroy the evidence together with you And even if some proof should remain and some of you survive people will say that the events you describe are too monstrous to be believed – they will say they are the exaggerations of Allied propaganda and will believe us who will deny everything and not youDeborah Lipstadt nails the insidiousness of holocaust denial really well in her introduction She recounts walking off a TV show which was discussing holocaust denial because they had a Nation of Islam guy on the show who was explicitly denying the holocaust DL told them she couldn't appear with a denier But we wanted people to hear a balance of views the TV producer said You should present your side of the story and he should be allowed to present his sideIn the days when Donald Trump's press secretary refers to such things as alternative facts it's worth saying that a fact is a fact Holocaust denial uses two main types of argument in the first type fanboys of Hitler say that whilst the Holocaust may have happened Hitler himself never ordered it in fact wasn't aware of it It was all the work of Heydrich and Himmler those two over enthusiastic idealists The second type of argument says that all these deaths these mountains of corpses we see in the atrocity photos were caused by epidemics which raged through the camps in the months before liberation There was no deliberate extermination No all the camps were work camps whose regimes were admittedly harsh but no harsher than those in the Soviet gulagThe deniers then accuse anyone denying their denial of Zionism siding with the Jews against the Palestinians; and this insidious strand of argument has been unfortunately successful in some uarters of the European Left which has seen for example the usual leftist protesters against the latest Western invasion of a Muslim country making common cause with Islamist groups who are explicit Holocaust deniersWhat a tangled web it all is Lipstadt's book was written before 911 and therefore takes little notice of jihadi Holocaust denial her book is mostly a pageant of far right American screwballs the political tin foil hat brigade They're deeply unpleasant but they aren't the ones spreading the poison into current generations Still it's a very interesting read and recommended for those who enjoy a creepy political freak show Denying the Holocaust is a thorough exploration of the rise and development Holocaust denial Lipstadt's book examines the evolution of Holocaust denial from its immediate post war origins to the rise of a modern denial movement along with an examination of the most famous and influential deniers and their claims This is a fascinating story which begins with early instances of Holocaust denial as espoused by historians such as Harry Elmer Barnes and Austin J App to the development of entire organizations devoted to denying the Holocaust such as the US based Institute for Historical Review considered by many to be the mecca for Holocaust deniers world wide The Institute even has its own publishing house the Noontide Press which publishes books and pamphlets denying the Holocaust along with classic antisemitic texts such as The Protocols of the Elders of ZionHolocaust deniers agree on a number of points Nazi Germany did not systematically exterminate Jews during World War 2 and there was no mass murder in extermination camps and gas chambers and the number of Jews killed during the War is significantly lower than the accepted figures but Holocaust denial is rarely an isolated phenomenon; rather deniers engage in it as a part of apologia for Nazi Germany in general and Adolf Hitler in particular Common claims include Germany being provoked into war by Britain France and sometimes America invasions of countries as a necessity to protect their persecuted German minorities or even being forced to react militarily against aggressive and threatening Poland; in this world everyone is out to destroy Germany with Hitler acting as a statesman devoted to protect his country resorting to conflict only after all of his patient diplomatic efforts at maintaining peace have failed Although Holocaust denial is central to Nazi apologetics it is rarely the only part of it I believe that it would prove very difficult to find a person who would deny that a Nazi genocide of Jews has taken place but at the same time acknowledge antisemitism totalitarianism hegemonic imperialism and war crimes of Nazi GermanyHolocaust deniers and Nazi apologists either ignore historical evidence which does not fit their already made conclusions or twist it to conform to their view of the world Such is the case of David Irving a British author of many books on World War II once celebrated for his talent of unearthing new historical documents now notorious and reduced to speaking at far right gatherings and private lectures Although Lipstadt is heavily critical of Irving's practices and names him the most dangerous spokespersons for Holocaust denial her book is by no means focused on him or his work he is just one of the many figures which she correctly associated with denying the Holocaust Nonetheless Irving sued Lipstadt for libel in 2000 and in English law the burden of proof is on the defendant which meant that Lipstadt had to prove that Irving is a Holocaust denier and an apologist for Hitler who has manipulated evidence to suit his needsIrving lost the case spectacularly British historian Richard J Evans examined his published work thoroughly and found that Irving has knowingly manipulated and distorted real documents and used forgeries as sources concluding that none of his writing or lectures can be trusted as an accurate description of historical events and that Irving himself could not be trusted as a historian The Irving Trial is the most famous case of a Holocaust denier even so because it was Irving who sued and had all the possibilities of proving the truth of the truth about the Holocaust in a court of law but ended up being exposed as a fraud and racistAlthough the subject is interesting and Lipstadt does a good job at presenting it there are elements in the book which are troubling and spoil it First of all there is not a word in it about the non Jewish victims of the Holocaust Soviet POWs Ethnic Poles Belorussians Ukrainians and others communists homosexuals and the disabled Are they not part of the same tragedy which befell the Jews and not worthy of the same attention and commemoration? How much of Holocaust studies focuses on these victims? Hitler's famous speech at his Obersalzberg residence delivered on the 22nd of August 1939 is the one where he openly calls for ruthless extermination of an entire people physical destruction of men women and children without mercy and compassion using the Armenian genocide as an example This speech is often used as proof of Hitler's familiarity with genocide and his intention to carry one out during the war But how many people know that this speech calls for genocide not of Jews but of Poles? At another point Lipstadt dismisses comparisons of Nazism with Stalinism; she states that Stalin's campaign of terror was arbitrary whereas Hitler's was targeted at a particular group and goes on to say that while Hitler's Germany targeted every single Jew no citizen of the Soviet Union assumed that deportation and death were inevitable conseuences of his or her ethnic origins This is simply not true as in the Soviet Union entire nationalities were deported precisely because of their ethnicity In 1937 all ethnic Koreans were deported from the Russian Far East to unpopulated areas of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan The official reason for this mass deportation was to prevent Japanese espionage in the Soviet Union at the time Korea was under Japanese rule In 1917 the Soviet Union began what would be known as Decossackization a process aimed to eliminate the Kuban and Don Cossacks as distinctive ethnic group as they were perceived to be collectively hostile to the new regime This is the first example of the Soviet Union targeting an entire population of people with the full intent of ultimately exterminating it and it happened long before Hitler or even Stalin came to powerDuring the Great Purge the Soviet NKVD carried out a series of what would be known as the National Operations where the Soviet government explicitly targeted entire populations purely on ethnic grounds Deportation of Koreans was one of them but another one which has to be mentioned is the Polish Operation Conducted between 1937 and 1938 it targeted ethnic Poles living in the Soviet Union and accused them of sabotage and spying for the Polish government Their social class did not matter; they were targeted and killed because they were Polish Although official orders called for arrest of Polish spies it was openly acknowledged by the NKVD as an order to exterminate all Poles and even those who were perceived to be Polish The operation was carried out as such without any judicial trial whatsoever to fill in large arrest uotas the NKVD resorted to the crudest of methods one example was to use phone books to find and lock up people with Polish names Men were summarily shot and their wives and mothers were deported to labor camps in Kazakhstan and Siberia Their children were taken by state orphanages to be brought up as Soviet citizens deliberately severing any connection to their Polish origins All possessions of the accused were confiscated purposefully leaving nothing for their parents and in laws which ultimately left them to perish as well Stalin openly encouraged the NKVD to keep digging and cleaning out this Polish filth It is estimated by official Soviet records that than 139000 people have been sentenced out of whom approximately 111000 were executed five times than in the Katyn massacre Is this arbitrary terror? It also has to be noted that while Jews were persecuted in Germany after Adolf Hitler's rise to power beginning with boycott of Jewish businesses to ultimately stripping them from their legal rights Nazi Germany began the mass killing of Jews after invading Poland and subseuently the Soviet Union with the long decision process regarding the Final Solution culminating at the infamous conference in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee in 1942 In comparison Stalin undertook his Great Terror in peacetime with entire populations being targeted specifically on ethnic and national grounds leaving the British historian Timothy Snyder to conclude that it was Stalin not Hitler who initiated the first ethnic killing campaigns in interwar EuropeWhile I do not want to suggest that ms Lipstadt does not have compassion and empathy for other victims of other genocides her sharp dismissal of them is crude and ill considered; a historian should truly know better Acknowledging and remembering these victims does not take anything away from the enormity of Jewish suffering; glossing them over or completely disregarding them strips them of their dignity memory and historical importance Last but not least the book was first published in 1993 and to the best of my knowledge has not been revised since It does not cover the development of antisemitism and Holocaust denial outside Europe and North America a 2014 study by the Anti Defamation League found that the majority of Holocaust deniers live in the Middle East and North Africa with antisemitic attitudes being most prevalent in that region Also because of its publication date Denying the Holocaust completely omits the role that the internet plays in Holocaust denial the rise and development of internet communities such as Stormfront which gather Holocaust deniers and white supremacists from all over the world Video and audio materials focused on denying the Holocaust are easier to spread than ever and so is denial itself anyone who has ever watched a YouTube video focused on Germany in World War 2 will understand it immediately after reading the comments Although the book does much well there is also much to improve and add to it though unfortunately I don't know if it'll ever see a new edition Deborah Lipstadt prefaces her exploration of Holocaust deniers with an important explanation of why she went ahead with the book despite her reluctance to engage with deniers on any level She had been asked to appear on several TV programs with Holocaust deniers which she adamantly refused to do knowing that there's nothing the deniers desire than to be put on the same playing field with established historians experts and people telling the truth If the deniers can portray their claims as the other side of the debate if they can get people even believing there is a debate about whether the Holocaust happened they've accomplished their mission TV producers would cajole her Don't you think it's fair that viewers hear both sides of the debate? No When opinions are relevant when things are actually ideas then debates are pretty harmless When a fact exists proven to be a fact by all known historical or scientific methods of establishing facthood and truth any other side of that is not relevant The rantings and insinuations of crazy people are not relevant to established historyLipstadt wrote her book because it was not a direct engagement with deniers but a rebuttal of them and because she was concerned by the number of students approaching her who had heard the deniers' claims often not even knowing that the source of them was Holocaust deniers and asking her what her response was Eg we heard someone saying Anne Frank's diary was a hoax what's up with that? She was right to write the book People need explanations even when they already know what the truth is They need to know why the deniers' claims are false I find the 911 truthers a fascinating and of course deeply delusional group I've watched a few of their videos As much as I know they're crazy it helps to know the scientific and engineering facts that explain how two skyscrapers could fall so uickly After all you are eventually going to run into one of these trolls somewhere whether it's a family Thanksgiving dinner or an internet comment thread and you need to have your facts marshalled so you can uickly render them idiotsMost of the deniers' claims were the type that could be rebutted uickly by checking original sources and documents They would pull statements and numbers out of context massage numbers They claimed that the Germans were only defending themselves against the Jews their aggressors based on Chaim Weizmann's 1939 statement that the Jews would support Britain and the democracies One of the fascinating deniers was Fred Leuchter a man with a bachelor's degree in history who pretended to be at various times an engineer and expert in chemistry and materials science Another denier had recruited Leuchter to go to AuschwitzBirkenau and one other camp and obtain physical evidence to demonstrate that the gas chambers had not existed; any gas chambers were merely there to delouse clothing not kill vast numbers of people All of Leuchter's evidence was disproven Leuchter also had a career as a purveyor of execution systems to American states although he could hardly be called an expert He hoodwinked The Atlantic magazine and Primetime Live and was exposed for shaking down state penal departments that would not purchase his euipment or servicesAnother interesting chapter described one denier's attempts to get an ad published in a slew of college and university newspapers in the early 1990s Bradley Smith hoped to get his cause framed as a First Amendment issue and in many cases he was not disappointed He was able to muddy the waters and convince some confused business managers and editors to either print his ad which was headed The Holocaust Story How Much is False? or print his ad accompanied by an editorial explaining that while the newspaper found its assertions offensive they had an obligation to air ugly or unpopular views In fact there is no such obligation The courts have broadly defined campus newspapers' editorial discretion to accept or reject ads writes Lipstadt A 1999 ad from Smith that I just pulled up on the internet begins THERE IS NO LIBERTY WITHOUT FREE SPEECH AND OPEN DEBATE the fanatic hides from true debateHe knows how to speak in monologues only so debate is superfluous to him Elie Wiesel He then offers 250000 to any individual who can arrange a debate between himself and the ADL Anti Defamation LeagueA worthwhile book although out of date by now Several months ago I have stumbled upon the biggest White Nationalism site in the internet One of their agendas besides wanting to separate white nations from people of other races is the denial of Holocaust and claiming that it is all a conspiracy by the evil Jews who apparently control the world I have heard about deniers before but never really got in touch with them From that day I have visited this site almost on a daily basis trying to understand their reasoning and even tried to participate in the Opposing view forum Debating them is absolutely impossible Besides using ad hominem attacks on the person's race or accusing them of being Jews if they don't identify themselves this group of people completely dismisses every argument presented including references to respectable scholars and evidence based on the fact that all scholars and media are controlled by Jews and therefore can't be taken seriouslyThen i found this book And while it was published 20 years ago it is still very relevant to this topic The only thing missing is the importance of the internet in the spreading of the hate propaganda these days for the obvious reason as the book was published before internet became mainstream and accessible to everyone Everything else is greatly discussed in this bookLipstadt introduces us to the beginnings of the denial movement Shows us many prominent figures involved in it as well as discusses the techniues used by them We see them distorting information to their benefit ignoring facts presented in the books they use that would go against them as well as using a lot of untestified myths The book is very straight forward easy to read well organized and includes many referencesAfter finishing it out of curiosity i went to see what people who gave this book a negative review have to say Luckily there are not many of it unfortunately their logic makes one want to rip ones hair off based on stupidity They use pretty much all the techniues she described in the book Two of the main arguments opposing this book are the usual whining about freedom of speech and the second claiming that the book has no historical value but is simply based on emotionsThe freedom of speech argument is a very annoying one since people using it don't seem to grasp what freedom of speech is Nowhere in the book does Lipstadt deny people this freedom Actually in one of the paragraphs she specifically states that everyone should be allowed to voice their opinion What she says is that we should look at how we handle this opinions Her argument is that we should not give it the same benefit as legitimate history uestioning There is a difference between revisionism and denial History is revisioned throughout time There are new facts coming up new ideas and it is a good thing But it is one thing uestioning specific details of Holocaust and a completely different thing to uestion if holocaust existed at all This nonsense should be treated just as we would treat someone who claims there was no Roman Empire or that the Earth is flat As a simple denial of well known facts She has a great chapter in this book discussing this struggle with freedom of speech our society has and brings great examples on different universities reasoning on it while deciding whether to publish a hate ad in their papers or notThe argument about her being emotional instead of presenting facts buffles me a bit considering that she uses hundreds of scholarly references and dissects denial arguments with actual factsAs in contrast to deniers who mainly use their opinion based on hatred stereotypes and denial of factsThis book is great for everyone who is interested in history and in the denial movement Unfortunately it will do no good in deniers reading it because they have their mind set and are not interested in reasoning I find this movement to be rather frightening especially now when anyone can get online and post anything he wants as a fact and spreading hate I first became aware some years ago that there are people who do not believe the Holocaust happened and ever since I have been meaning to read this book It is fascinating and frightening reading and will make most people reconsider their stance on free speech The author has a low key style of writing which makes what she has to say all the impressive It would be so easy to rant about people who seem to ignore facts in their attempts to rewrite historyHolocaust denial it seems has been around since the end of World War II and has attracted supporters from many right wing movements who see it as grist to their own mill Anyone who doesn’t conform to the WASP stereotype is not acceptable to these groups Historians have always disagreed over their interpretations of historical events but mainly they do not disagree over whether these events actually happened But there are people who claim that the Holocaust is a huge hoax perpetrated by the Jews and aided and abetted by the Allies to keep Germany in a state of guilt Deniers claim that all eye witness accounts of the concentration camps and the gas chambers are faked and that there were no mass killings of Jews or anyone else Many people died – because of malnutrition towards the end of the war when the Allies had cut off German supply lines which meant that concentration camps did not receive food – that is their theory Deniers go further than this by saying that all the documents in archives have been faked and people have been bribed to talk about their imaginary experiences so add verisimilitude to the hoax I found myself laughing out loud at the idea that thousand and millions of people are involved in forging documents placing them in archives ready to be found at a later date and writing fake memoirsAnyone who has told a secret in confidence to one other person knows that the people you have who know about a secret then the less secret it is Deniers have no problem ignoring evidence that does not fit their thesis They even go so far as to say that all the defendants at the Nuremberg trials confessed to crimes they did not commit – because they were told they had to support the hoax Many deniers start from a position of Anti Semitism and also a belief in the Illuminati and the huge worldwide plot to have the world run by Jews with everyone else subjected to their cause They fail to see that this scenario is very similar to their ideas that there should be a right wing dictatorship ruling the worldWhat disturbed me most about this book was the way Holocaust deniers launch ad hominem attacks on anyone who does not agree with them If you can’t argue your point using facts to back it up instead of saying everyone has been brainwashed who doesn’t agree with you then you really don’t have any rational way of explaining what you believe to be the truth If the facts supporting the deniers’ contentions were so clear cut then they would stand on their own meritI am all for free speech and the right to express your own point of view however distasteful but to dismiss all well documented facts which contradict your own thesis is not in the best traditions of scholarship The right to free speech does not include the right to say that everyone who doesn’t accept what you say is stupid and has been brainwashed The book contains many references to the sources uoted which will provide further reading for anyone who wants to know about this fascinating and though provoking subject There is also an index One of the interesting points Liptadt makes in this book is not so much the nature of Holocaust denial itself but the inability of the media and public to distinguish between a debatable issue and one that lies beyond the parameters of reasoned discussion This deficiency has worsened since the book first appeared in the early nineties The book is partly a history of the denial movement and the five or six men who got it going The pattern of denial Liptstadt traces shows the increasing sophistication of the movement whose believers have gone from out and out anti Semitism to an insidious skepticism a sort of “who’s to say?” about the Holocaust that confuses journalists and the public into thinking the reality of the event is in doubtMost amusing if it can be called that is the pronounced breakdown of reasoning in the face of one tactic taking out denial ads in college campus newspapers Not just student but academics and school presidents became confused over the propriety of doing so and the author recounts the way irrelevant and secondary considerations flummoxed the newspaper staff and editors This is a useful paradigm for how reasoning breaks down over any conspiracy theoryThe book appeared before the Internet became the repository of such theories but the author outlines the general way reason breaks down What she could not have known was the power of the Internet to magnify bad reasoning While she discusses the confusion among journalists on this issue she also did not take into account the emergence of a mass media in which the propagation of false and sensationalist notions has in many cases become the whole point of journalismWhat to do about the elevation of false consciousness to the level of respectability has become the central problem society faces today This author suggests that primary responsibility lies with academia the people who of all people know better She points out a paradox People get into the academic world in order to explore new horizons not to fight battles over the basics But this is something they have to do nonethelessWhile I like this book the author tends to her points with repetitive examples Perhaps this is necessary but another small annoyance was the poor editing that gave the book the feel of a rush job In addition the advent of the Internet has dated the material While I have to take points away for those faults the fact remains that the book covers uniue territory and the writing is good overall I recommend the book because the problems it identifies have become so amplified by the direction mass culture has taken since Denying The Holocaust first came out Will reread I would have read this faster if I didn't keep flipping back and forth to the notes I read this book because I was curious as to what on earth that there are actually people andor movement that actually believe that the Holocaust is a hoax You must be kidding right? Apparently not It seems to me that some people when they truly believe in a lie they eventually believe their own lie and they think it's paramount that other people also believe in such lie Meh not for me I rather like to be on the side of Truth and will defend it whenever I can and whenever the need ariseBut what's their motivation? I think this uote summed it up pretty wellHolocaust denier stands for neo fascists anti Semites and opponents of all the values a democratic society holds dear pg 245 This was the first book to read on the syllabus of my Political Theory class on the Ideologies of the Holocaust It was fascinating frustrating and insightful I do think it's a little dated being published in 1993 but Lipstadt's critical voice is still relevant today It amazes me that there are people in academia and journalism who spend their time and efforts in studying and convincing other people that the Holocaust didn't occur or rather that the Holocaust was a hoax This is an excellent expose of the universities that give voice to the Holocaust deniers based on arguments of free speech We must start with the proposition that freedom of speech cannot be abridged but the US Constitution does not reuire me to listen nor does it reuire the university to provide a forum for the exercise of that free speech Second these same universities expel scientists who do research in intelligent design they try to limit the free speech of those who have the religious belief that homosexuality is a sin Yet they give voice to those anti semites who deny the Holocaust It’s depressing that we need this book We don’t debate if the French Revolution happened or slavery so why is the Holocaust up for debate? With contrary misinformed people out there believing the world is flat denying climate change anti vaxers and that Elvis is still alive; this book is essential than ever Lipstadt puts her case across with intelligence wit and great humanity A 5 star read

Denying the Holocaust The Growing Assault on Truth and
  • Hardcover
  • 278 pages
  • Denying the Holocaust The Growing Assault on Truth and Memory
  • Deborah E. Lipstadt
  • English
  • 15 September 2015
  • 9780029192351