The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World

The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World[PDF / Epub] ☉ The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World By Stephen Castles – Günümüzde uluslararası nüfus hareketleri ikili ve bölgesel ilişkileri güvenliği ulusal kimliği ve egemenliği etkileyerek dünya genelinde ülkeleri ve toplumları yeniden biçimlendiriyor A Günümüzde uluslararası nüfus hareketleri ikili ve of Migration: PDF/EPUB Á bölgesel ilişkileri güvenliği ulusal kimliği ve egemenliği etkileyerek dünya genelinde ülkeleri ve toplumları yeniden biçimlendiriyor Artık uluslararası göç olgusu küreselleşme sürecinde kilit bir öneme sahip olup uluslararası politik düzenin dönüşümünü etkiliyor Stephen Castles ve Mark J Miller'in Göçler Çağı Modern Dünyada Uluslararası Göç Hareketleri adlı bu çalışması dünya genelinde göç akımları ve bunların toplumsal etkileri üzerine güncel bilgiyle teorik bilgiyi birleştirmek amacıyla tasarlanmış bir kitap İlk baskısı yılında yapılmış olan kitap bu baskıda yazarlar tarafından güncelleştirilerek geliştirilmiş göç olgusunun ulusal güvenlik ve egemenlik The Age ePUB ✓ kavramları üzerindeki artan önemi de çalışmaya dahil edilmiştir Siyasetçiler akademisyenler ve gazeteciler tarafından bir başvuru kaynağı olarak kullanılan Göçler Çağı Modern Dünyada Uluslararası Göç Hareketleri Soğuk Savaş sonrası dönemde dünya üzerinde gittikçe artan her türlü göç hareketini incelemekte göçmen topluluklarını yasal statü sosyal politika etnik toplulukların oluşumu ırkçılık vatandaşlık ve ulusal kimlik çerçevesinde değerlendirmektedir. This review appeared on the website of Migrants' Rights Network Immigration studies has emerged as an important discipline in colleges and universities across the world with probably scores of research centres being established in the UK along over the last decade or so Contributions have come from sociologists anthropologists geographers political scientist economists and philosophers over this time giving anyone moved to make a systematic review of the literature uite a job in terms of catching up on what is being said and thought about the subjectThat is a good enough reason to welcome the 5th edition of Age of Migration and what has probably become the 101 introductory text to the study of population movements in the modern world Enough has happened since the publication of the 4th edition in 2009 to justify a considerable revision of the book and the long standing authors Stephen Castles and Mark J Miller have been joined by Hein de Haas of the International Migration Institute in OxfordThe book puts as its central proposition the fact that we are once again living in the midst of an age of migration Some would say that doesn’t mean that much since migration has been a major activity for human beings since they first moved out of Africa around 500000 years ago But if migration can be said to have happened in each and every age of humanity it is of critical importance to note that what drives people to move at any one time is related in large part to the distinct features of the age under considerationGlobal marketsFor the Age of Migration considered by Castles and his colleagues it is the age of global markets More precisely global markets that themselves evolve over time as the terms of trade and commerce are shaped by the rise of nation states and their out flowing into colonialism the dominance of particular economic and political super powers changes to the structures of firms the proliferation of manufacturing and service providing sectors the integration of economic regions and the new technologies of management and communication All of these things provide the factors which allow migration across periods of decades to ebb and flow at some points allowing politicians to believe that it is no longer an important feature of the systems they govern but at others revealing hitherto unacknowledged demand which brings millions back into the business of crossing bordersThese layers of complexity mean that no one theory of migration suffices to tell the whole story The two main branches – functionalist accounts of ‘push pull’ factors and historical structural theories – are further subdivided and contribute insights based on what their approaches have encouraged them to focus on Dependency and world systems theory looks at the power relations between ‘core’ capitalist states and the nations of the ‘periphery’ showing how migration chains are built up from movements between villages and urban areas in developing areas and transformed into international migration through relationships of dominance and subordination between the developed and developing regions of the worldTheorists stressing the significance of globalisation stress the importance of the economic component of these relations between the nationals powerful enough to structure markets and the terms of trade and conseuently the importance this had in increasing the movement of people seeking opportunities for wage labour Economists constructing models of segmented labour markets give us a way of understanding how the demand for migration can persist even when the overall economy is mired in recession And in the background looms the grimmer story of forced migration where the movement of people is induced by political instability and terrorUnstoppable movementAge of Migration implies that the balance of all theories on the movement of people tends to agreement that it is so closely entwined with the spirit of our times as to be unamenable to serious reduction in the either the short or medium terms It certainly provides no example of any contributor to high level discussion who would support the viewpoint common amongst so many mainstream politicians that with just one push we could reverse the trends of a half century or and get the system under the firm management of the state authorities If migration is determined at its broadest extent by the imbalances between the rich and the poor worlds then the authors consider whether the volume of people movement would be reduced by the developing regions catching up and become ‘ like us’ The review the literature that has considered this possibility and conclude that the opposite effect is likely for the foreseeable future with incremental improvements to the living standards of modest households bringing people to the point where the investment in at least one of their members becoming mobile across frontier seems to be worthwhileIf the arguments stack up around the viewpoint that every which way leads to the continuation of migration the authors suggest that gloom and despondency is not the appropriate response Despite all the furore the economic and social forces that prevail over the lives of humans still favour most of us – at present around 97% remaining in our home territories If no than 3% have attained the footloose and fancy free status of migrant the increase in the global population of the world to its current 7 billion 5 billion in 1987 means that there are people in this fragment and most still look for opportunities in the relatively small number of highly developed nationsBut cheer up this is a pretty smart bunch of people with higher proportions having had experience of tertiary education that exists in national populations They are young and ambitious and having grown up as a part of the global digital generation they are generally well informed about they need to do to make a success of their migration projectsThere is another story to be told however and Age of Migration traces this out in chapters which look at the literature on migrants experiences in the labour force and the continuing tendency of western societies to generate racisms and other forms of exclusion which turn newcomers into marginalised ethnic minorities over time All of this suggests and the authors do than hint that this is the case that the real substance of an immigration policy agenda ought to be less about stopping people from coming and to do with tackling exploitation and chronic disadvantageAge of Migration has a website which aims to supplement the text with case studies and updates on developments in migration studies You can view it by CLICKING HERE It's my class textbook so heck no I didn't read the whole damn thing But it's very good and important stuff and actually written in a pretty accessible way Reading this book one gets the sense that scholars of migration in the present world often stumble around dangerously close to gaining insights about the peoples and societies of the contemporary world only delivered from the threat of enlightenment and wisdom by the power of their misguided assumptions about the inevitability and irreversible nature of what they view as progress  Of course these scholars who represent an alliance between the political science and international relations academics of the United States as well as the refugee studies think tank at Oxford feel the destruction of national borders and national identity in the face of ever increasing migrations of poor and unwanted masses of people is a given fact  Similarly they only dimly recognize the reality of the hostility of would be host populations who resent the invasion of their country by self professed asylum seekers and refugees and whose response to the increased migration of troublesome and unsettled peoples is a reflexive and entirely predictable rise of nationalism and a lack of faith in elite institutions that do not serve their interests as well as supranational institutions that threaten national identity and the security of borders  All of this makes this book a fascinating study of two people whose knowledge of migration and its contexts leads them to the brink of great understanding but not into its realizationThis book is almost 300 pages long and is divided into twelve chapters  After a list of illustrations and various other matters and a preface to the third edition and a list of abbreviations the authors begin with an introduction that provides a discussion of their thematic interests and the aims and structure of the book 1  After this there is a discussion of the migratory process and the formation of ethnic minorities 2 as well as a discussion of international migration before the end of World War II 3 and the migration to highly developed countries since 1945 4  This leads to a look at the uest for control of international migration on the part of states 5 and the globalization of international migration 6  New migrations in the Asia Pacific region 7 are discussed before the authors move on to a look at migrants and minorities in the labor force 8 as well as a comparison of the migratory process for Australia and Germany 9  After this comes a look at the relationship between new ethnic minorities and their host societies 10 the relationship between migrants and politics 11 and a conclusion that looks at migration in the post Cold War era 12 as well as a bibliography author index and subject indexWhat is it that makes migration problematic?  It is not as if migration is viewed uniformly as a negative or as a positive and the authors to their credit recognize that there are elements of migration that are viewed both positively and negatively  Migrants may be celebrated as energetic people who can help fill an empty land or tame a wilderness or they can be feared as people who desire to congregate together and preserve a sense of otherness that disrupts cultural unity and national identity and that threatens the safety of people by the encouragement of smuggling and other evils  If migrants are able to disperse and assimilate to the dominant culture they tend to be viewed in a positive light  If they remain distinctive and restive and other they tend to be subject to hostile responses from the majority  And if they become too numerous they may even swamp an area and change its culture altogether although long before things reach that point there is likely to be increasing tension which these authors vaguely sense but sadly do not fully understand Really my rating is 35 but I rounded up This is a great book if you need a simple explanation of migration in the 21st century Full of theories and patterns and fun stuff like that It covers plenty on gendering migration and even a bit on multiculturalism I read it for a refugee law class and used it in my dissertationIts only downfall has to do with economics and how much it focuses on migration and economies That's fine though; it's really my downfall for not wanting to foc Really my rating is 35 but I rounded up This is a great book if you need a simple explanation of migration in the 21st century Full of theories and patterns and fun stuff like that It covers plenty on gendering migration and even a bit on multiculturalism I read it for a refugee law class and used it in my dissertationIts only downfall has to do with economics and how much it focuses on migration and economies That's fine though; it's really my downfall for not wanting to focus on that part of migration Overall good textbook Migration studies 101 text book The most intelligent and comprehensive summation of what we have to think about when when think about people moving between countries and continents Plenty of things to disagree with amongst the detail of this book but in its overall thrust it defines the progressive approach to migrationThis move towards global cultural pluralism corresponds with the emergence of a global culture which is fed by travel mass media and commodification of cultural symbols as well as by migration This global culture is anything but homogenuous but the universe of variations which it permits has a new meaning compared with traditional ethnic cultures difference need no longer be a marker for strangeness and separation but rathher an opportunity for informed choice amongt a myriad if possibilities The book gives an academic overview over the various aspects of migration Topics include theories of Migration the effects of migration on labor politics and society and an overview of the different regions of the world It is well researched and comprehensive and provides an extensive bibliography for further researchEven though it was published in 2014 it is already outdated because it does not include the Syrian civil war and the recent refugee crisis in Europe For example the book claims that the number of refugees is still under the level of post world war II According to the most recent data of the UNHCR there are refugees right now than ever before The book summarize current trend of international migration on each region Europe North America East and South east Asia North Africa Sub saharan Africa Near and Middle East and Latim America etc and discuss some topics control on migration by states Labour force Poliics and Security Anyway it is very useful for grasping so called global trend of migration national policies and international agreement relating to both immigration and emigration and some current discussion for migration A great introduction and attempt to comprehensively explain international migration in the modern world I read this book a few months ago during my first semester of International Migration and Ethnic Relations BA program It was the first reuired read and it has served as a foundation for understanding the classifications of migrations concepts and theories in migration and also development and remittances If youre interesting in how and why people move in the world this book is a great Economic migration often begins with organisations recruiting cheaper foreign labour the book was less convincing on refugeesasylum seekers States formulate migration policy to regulate this process The guest worker model deters permanent settlement the assimilationist model makes permanent settlement and political rights conditional on adopting the culture of the host country and multicultural models accept ethnic communities remaining somewhat culturally distinct Castles shows that these policies do not change the end result; temporary workers settle permanently and bring family members over regardless of state policy He suggests that state policy instead determines how marginalised the migrants are The book fleshes out the nuance behind this argument fitting particular countries into each model GermanyAustria as guest worker BritainFrance as assimiliationist and USAAustralia as multi cultural There are lots of fascinating bits and bobs of migration policy like the politics of Turkish and Algerian political organisations located in Germany and France Still a lot of uestions remain He concludes multicultural policies lead to less marginalisation and should therefore be pursued I wasn't convinced that the experience of ethnic minorities in the contemporary US multicultural model are better than those in say Germany guest worker model The US success seems to be the integration of white European's Irish Greeks Italians who predominantly arrived before WW2 Yet these groups can be and have been integrated into French British and German society The elephant in the room is the African American experience in the USA or aboriginie experience in Australia Both arrived long before TurksAlgerians in GermanyFrance and suffer comparable if not worse discrimination despite being in multicultural societiesI would also like to see an investigation of the factors determining the economicculturalgeneral assimiliation success of migrants Have to skim through this for my university essay and I found it to not only expand my view and knowledge but to be uite engaging in how it expresses the challenges and nuances around migration Its got an effective way of engaging you with the theme of migration I had expected this book to be technical

The Age of Migration: International Population Movements
  • Paperback
  • 482 pages
  • The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World
  • Stephen Castles
  • Turkish
  • 21 April 2015
  • 9786053990208