Ciudades radicales. Un viaje a la arquitectura latinoamericana

Ciudades radicales. Un viaje a la arquitectura latinoamericana[Epub] ➟ Ciudades radicales. Un viaje a la arquitectura latinoamericana By Justin McGuirk – Este viaje por lugares extremos en América Latina empieza en México a la sombra de una inmensa barriada de viviendas sociales de la década de 1960 cuando las colmenas de pisos baratos parecían la Un viaje PDF Æ Este viaje por lugares extremos en América Latina empieza en México a la sombra de una inmensa barriada de viviendas sociales de la década de cuando las colmenas de pisos baratos parecían la solución a la escasez de vivienda Sigue visitando las villas miseria de Buenos radicales. Un viaje a la MOBI :¼ Aires los cerros de Caracas las favelas de Río las casas ampliables de Chile las laderas de Medellín ahora salvadas por el Metrocable y diversas iniciativas Ciudades radicales. MOBI :¼ de vivienda social planteadas con espíritu práctico creatividad y una mirada al futuro Desde mediados del siglo XX cuando la utopía del movimiento moderno se fue a América Latina para morir la región se ha convertido en un campo de pruebas para las concepciones más radicales de lo ue es una ciudad Auí en el continente más urbanizado del planeta las ciudades extremas han dado pie a situaciones extremas Justin McGuirk las ha recorrido radicales. Un viaje ePUB ´ y vivido y el resultado es este libro radical imprescindible para interesados en la política el urbanismo y las maneras de vivir en el siglo XXI. This book is just rubbishI found it by chance while looking for urban transport in South America being a brazilian myself and I don't know how to describe my disappointmentThis is the kind of architecture literature that people find acceptable where slums are described as resourceful where poverty is considered exotic and interesting where the foreword contain anarchist uotes and there is no mention whatsoever about objective elements of urbanism transport zoning topography history and city scape Being from Rio de Janeiro myself and knowing slums intimately I could only laugh by reading the cliché over used phrases about periphery about crime about police brutality about corruption It's as if someone built their worldview through NY Times articles or stupid movies like Central do BrasilI thought the book would have a chapter dedicated to Curitiba the city where BRT was invented and where this urban solution can be evaluated the very own notion of new architecture but nothing he just talks about Bogotá in the same politized bipolarized way he talks about Rio and this is all you have about BRT Clearly there is to these cities than this romantized black and white viva la revolucion lens can offer?I expected pages about Argentina tram networks the biggest in S America about Mendoza yet also nothing Instead he just goes on and on about politics in a superficial way talking of dictatorship coronelismos and similar content fit to forum postsClearly the kind of useless ramblings of leftist leaning first worlders visiting poorexoticresourceful third world with not a single objective or rational word about urbanism or architecture; they only see what they want to see and are willing to distort information in order to build this narrative to you We can imagine how amazing it must be for such kind of americans or europeans to visit Brazil or Colombia they can always go back they are not stuck here having to come up with real solutions for real problems; it's the same orientalizing romanticizing tourism british people did in the middle east centuries ago This is a really excellent enjoyable and accessible book examining a series of case studies of urban and architectural development throughout Latin America I was expecting this to be a academic text but McGuirk's tone is conversational and easy to follow as well as precise and meaningful when it branches in to critical analysis The are two main arguments that I get from this text 1 Instead of demarcating between formal and informal cities with the latter being seen as temporary and problematic phases of urbanity that will ideally lead to formalization we have to consider informal cities as possessing their own possibilities Informal cities demonstrate alternative forms of social economic and political organization rather than inherently bad ones 2 Architectural development is not an end in itself Its political value is in the way that alternative forms of urban and architectural development deploy certain organizations politics and communities in new configurations and by alternative and new configurations I mean against the grain of neoliberal development These are not particularly novel observations as I'm sure McGuirk would acknowledge The excellence of this book is the way that these messages are intertwined with really solid and fascinating first hand accounts of these spaces and interviews with the leaders and the communities that make these radical cities possible McGuirk is of an observer letting people who were directly involved in these developments a platform to narrate their own ideas and experiences Much gets written about the mass urbanisation happening in China and Africa but Latin America is often strangely overlooked even though it went through almost identical patterns half a century ago and in some countries has over 80% of the population living in cities In the process it experimented with many different approaches often swinging rapidly back and forth between housing as a basic human right for the government to provide and the sometimes ideological sometimes merely pragmatic ideal that people by which of course we mean the poor should build their own housesIn recent times cities such as Medellín in Colombia have been internationally recognised as places that have been completely transformed in this case from the murder capital of the world largely through architecture and the region is full of architecture as activism projects And so McGuirk previously editor of international architecture magazine Icon sets off on a tour of Latin America to find out how much the reality lives up to the hype The short answer It doesn't but it's still impressive anywayThe book takes an extended look at numerous approaches to city building in the loosest sense from the very basic level of providing housing PREVI in Perú and the uinta Monroy build people half a house and let them build the rest approach in Chilé; through the gentrification of the favelas in Rio and the effects of the city building out for the Olympics and the World Cup; the transformation of public spaces such as Medellín's library parks; the crucial importance of transport infrastructure in cities where being poor can add two hours to how long it takes to get to work or a hospital; what happens when 3000 people take over an abandoned 45 storey corporate skyscraper as a suat with no elevators; or when mega cities get big enough to span national boundaries; to Antanas Mockus’ attempts to transform Bogotá primarily through transforming the people themselvesThese all make for fascinating stories and the author does a good job of avoiding oversimplification — understanding and reiterating constantly that there are no easy answers to many of the uestions that these projects are attempting to deal with or themselves raise and that it’s often unclear to what extent any of these can be successfully replicated elsewhere The travelogue interview style of writing can drag and grate at times particularly when he goes full blown architecture nerd wandering Peruvian social housing projects playing spot the architect “That’s clearly a Stirling but is that a van Eyck or an Alexander?” and the book presupposes a uite high level of understanding of architectural topics assuming that the reader needs no further explanation for the continual references to Le Corbusier Brutalism etc This makes the book a difficult read at times particularly in the early chapters which is particularly disappointing as there’s no real reason why this should be so The book will be interesting and useful to many non architects and providing a simpler entry point to some of the concepts would have made it much accessible Thankfully I found the subject matter compelling enough to plough on through the worst parts The areas I had known something about previously have had much too little written about them in English so this is a very welcome addition even with these flawsI was also slightly surprised to find only a single passing remark to Porto Alegre’s now widely copied approach of Participatory Budgeting and none at all to initiatives like Belo Horizonte’s “People’s Restaurants” or São Paulo banning all public advertising as noise pollution But there’s room for many books on all these topics — and hopefully there are indeed many to comeAdvance review copy provided through edelweiss He presents some interesting ideas none of which are his own but the absolutely condescending tone he uses to describe the people he meets especially indigenous people is absolutely insufferable He also lacks so much context his writing had a strong I’ve been here for like a week and I’m gonna act like I know about this place than the people who live here The topic is so fascinating but he wasn’t the right guy for this I guess the tone especially bothered me as someone who is Latin American very nice architecture study book looks at argentina rio and 'the' favela caracas and has chapter on torre david in caracas a pirated living space bogota medillin and tiajuana a disastermedellin is of particular interest in that there is simultaneously an on going human rights disaster and some institutional action for better housing libraries transportation cable cars becuase really there are no streets as such also lima the first chapter looks at some very 'old' urban renewal and how that has morphed into uniue and livable housing over the decades a bit dry writing but pair this with something like witold's How Architecture Works A Humanist's Toolkit and Makeshift Metropolis Ideas About Cities and you'll be smartest on the block about slums and their genesis and transformations SO SO SO SO GOODkind of inaccessible? in that i don't have the architecturalhistoricalphilosophicalpolitical background i mean we learned about le corbusier in high school but it was all about FORM i don't know if we touched on his political?social housing shit at ALL thanks ap art history lol and like my knowledge of for ex neoliberalism is really informal and of free trade agreements and washington consensus i pretty much only know that they wreck everything DESTROY CAPITALISMbuuut from my very limited pov really good coverage and understandable despite not knowing a LOT An enjoyable read that's great for the layperson urban plannerarchitect or those interested andor with background on spatial theories I enjoyed the case studies and how the author wove interviews and observations with textual research and his own analysis uoting theorists on space The book has that perfect balance between all those making it an easy but very informative read However the concept of slums and rebuildingresourcefulness can be uestionable here as it could be seen as a form of exoticism and needs a deeper analysis very good and also very interesting the emphasis of the book was on how to make cities euitable for the poor lots of good examples of how architects and planners and engineers etc can't jut create things in vacuum and need to work with the community in order to incite social change lots of good lessons to be learned and all examples were from south american cities as opposed to europe which people tend to focus on when thinking about sustainability and urban design What if architects displaced citizens and public housing authorities behaved like Jack Reacher? That is what if they were bum chucking swift witted vigilantes hellbent on rattling the massive Latin American housing crisis caused by ineuality misguided utopianism and political corruption and incompetence? Find out for yourself and read Radical Cities This is a firm recommendation and props to my pal Steve who got me this book as a Christmas gift While architects have been focusing on spectacular buildings they could export to China and Dubai the real gains were to be made on a diffenrent plane entirely at the level of infraestructure networks and politics Designing a good building becomes a rather academic exercise when the entire system that allows that building to materialise is geared towards increasing social ineuality New social and political frameworks also need designingAnd that's exactly what this book is trying to describe Design an architecture are moving beyond the sculpture buildingI'm from Colombia and I'm doing postgraduate studies on urban design A teacher told us that he was happy to have a group of students working in goverment as he thought that anyone can actually design decently but the tools that allow for better designs that can help to reduce ineualities are yet to be imagined as the ones we have today are ususally inefficient or there to serve corruption