Revolution in Rojava: Democratic Autonomy and Women's Liberation in the Syrian Kurdistan

Revolution in Rojava: Democratic Autonomy and Women's Liberation in the Syrian Kurdistan❮Read❯ ➶ Revolution in Rojava: Democratic Autonomy and Women's Liberation in the Syrian Kurdistan ➺ Author Michael Knapp – Oaklandjobs.co.uk Given the widespread violence and suffering in Syria, it s not unreasonable that outsiders look at the situation as unrelentingly awful And while the reality of the devastation is undeniable, there is Given the widespread violence Rojava: Democratic PDF/EPUB ê and suffering in Syria, it s not unreasonable that outsiders Revolution in PDF \ look at the situation as unrelentingly awful And while the reality of the devastation is in Rojava: Democratic PDF Ì undeniable, there is reason for hope in at least one small pocket of the nation the cantons of Rojava in Syrian Kurdistan, where in the wake of war people are quietly building one of the most progressive societies in the world today Revolution in Rojava tells the story of Rojava s groundbreaking experiment in what they call democratic confederalism, a communally organized democracy that is fiercely anti capitalist and committed to female equality, while rejecting reactionary nationalist ideologies Rooted in the ideas of imprisoned Kurdish leader Abdullah Ocalan, the system is built on effective gender quotas, bottom up democratic structures, far sighted ecological policies, and a powerful militancy that has allowed the region to keep ISIS at bay This first full length study of democratic developments in Rojava tells an extraordinary and powerfully hopeful story of a little known battle for true freedom in dark times. The onlyimportant thing going on this world than the Revolution in Rojava is the ecological crisis The world, and especially the international left, ignores this at their own peril.An absolutely fascinating book on contemporary history mostly focused on the years 2011 2016 on a topic that is being wildly ignored by most media because they simply lack the language, and the knowledge to even understand what s going on there The idea that democracy might take a form other than the pervert The onlyimportant thing going on this world than the Revolution in Rojava is the ecological crisis The world, and especially the international left, ignores this at their own peril.An absolutely fascinating book on contemporary history mostly focused on the years 2011 2016 on a topic that is being wildly ignored by most media because they simply lack the language, and the knowledge to even understand what s going on there The idea that democracy might take a form other than the perverted, western notion of liberal electoral republic is utterly incomprehensible to most people, and it is exactly these people that should read this book The very notion that a movement might reject the very notion of a state as it is now, that it might reject the way adjudication is done today, that it elevates women to a truly equitable place in society is alien to western liberals even worse, to some western leftists.The situation in Syria is getting worse with every passing day, and I genuinely fear that this unique movement will be forgotten by history and with it, any hope that humanity has for a better future Fantastic and extremely thorough account of the revolution that has taken place in Rojava 2011 now Gives a good amount of historical and geographical context so you can understand what s going on and offers insight into nearly every part of life in Rojava under Democratic Autonomy I m a Marxist Leninist, so I disagree with some of the characterizations of state socialism In fact the place in the world that most resembles Rojava s system of communal democracy is Cuba, supposedly a bureaucrat Fantastic and extremely thorough account of the revolution that has taken place in Rojava 2011 now Gives a good amount of historical and geographical context so you can understand what s going on and offers insight into nearly every part of life in Rojava under Democratic Autonomy I m a Marxist Leninist, so I disagree with some of the characterizations of state socialism In fact the place in the world that most resembles Rojava s system of communal democracy is Cuba, supposedly a bureaucratic or authoritarian regime But otherwise just a fantastic fantastic book that every leftist here in Turtle Island should read Solidarity to Rojava Bij Rojava, Bij YPG YPJ, Bij TEV DEM, Bij MGRK In Rojava, not one line will be drawn around any patch of soil on the basis of ethnicity, language, religion, or culture A great resource on the revolution in Rojava, the new society that they re trying to build, and the challenges they face.It s insane to me that they re able to build a societyegalitarian anddemocratic than ours, and in the middle of a war zone Highlights A popular joke in the Democratic Autonomy view spoiler In this part of the world, the familiar joke went, In Rojava, not one line will be drawn around any patch of soil on the basis of ethnicity, language, religion, or culture A great resource on the revolution in Rojava, the new society that they re trying to build, and the challenges they face.It s insane to me that they re able to build a societyegalitarian anddemocratic than ours, and in the middle of a war zone Highlights A popular joke in the Democratic Autonomy view spoiler In this part of the world, the familiar joke went, to ask for your own state is basically to say I demand the right to be tortured by secret police speaking my own language hide spoiler Women s militias and anti capitalism, anti statism view spoiler When we asked about the origins of the women s militias, we were often greeted by the same formulae Well, we re anti capitalist One thing we think the twentieth century has shown us is that you can t get rid of capitalism without getting rid of the state And you can t get rid of the state without eliminating patriarchy The implication giving all women access to automatic weapons seems a fairly obvious place to start hide spoiler On the unlikelihood of armed feminist uprisings view spoiler If one had told almost anyone who wasn t part of the Kurdish movement in 2010 that by 2015 there would be an armed feminist uprising demanding direct democracy across a significant swath of the Middle East, they would probably have thought you were insane Yet there it is hide spoiler calan and Gilgamesh view spoiler The decline of society, in this analysis, began with the fall of woman The Epic of Gilgamesh presents male identity as a tool of hegemony Masculinity becomes an ideology, a ruling ideology such that Gilgamesh sees women not as human beings but as objects that men can use for pleasure At the same time, the epic separates the individual from a nature based tribal society It contrasts the patriarchal city state culture with nature The nature man Enkidu is urbanized, using female sexuality and prostitution, and destroys individuals subsistence, rendering them dependent, and hence their freedom Thus the Epic of Gilgamesh is a narrative of expulsion from, and forced abandonment of, villages Other mythologies, such as the Babylonian Enuma Elish, define the emergence of the social status quo as a violent process of patriarchal self empowerment Together they correspond to an archeologically ascertainable ancient economy controlled by the state temple with mass production and by the Sumerians statist model of domination hide spoiler Democratic Civilization view spoiler For calan, the concept of democratic civilization is a permanent sub tradition of resistance to statist civilization It opens new possibilities beyond classical historical materialism Indeed, it criticizes historical materialism as Euro and androcentric for requiring colonized societies to develop an industrial proletariat over, it is subject to ecological critique, as capitalist industrialization is not sustainable for this planet and its inhabitants.13 By contrast, the Kurdish freedom movement s approach proposes to strengthen democratic civilization and develop a democratic modernity.The modernist ideology of Kemalism agrees with classical Marxism in regarding the Middle East as an underdeveloped region and disparages the Kurdish areas as less advanced But if capitalism has not yet totally absorbed the social fabric of the Middle East, that is an advantage The Kurdish areas in particular are not a feudal society that must be overcome by capitalism in order to reach socialism and communism On the contrary, the Kurdish democratic approach regards it as positive that the Middle East has not yet been fully submerged by the alienation and atomization of capitalist modernity, since it means opportunities for development beyond modernist lines remain that is, a different approach to tradition and society So the area in which Kurds live now is a relatively fertile ground for development along nonmodernist lines.We thus have two traditions the tradition of democratic civilization and the tradition of statist civilization, which in political and social terms we can express as Democratic Modernity and Capitalist Modernity These traditions are classified according to their emancipatory content Those that have established themselves by statism and patriarchy are to be criticized, while traditions of collectivity, that embrace the social role of women, that solve social conflicts through compromise, and that further the coexistence of diverse social singularities are to be strengthened Power is not to be conquered rather, an alternative is to be constructed at this historical moment.14 By connecting people to each other in councils and by empowering people through self administration, the Kurdish approach resists Capitalist Modernity and the nation state and constructs a practical alternative hide spoiler PKK against the patriarchy view spoiler According to PKK ideology, patriarchy, a system that justifies the exploitation of nature and society, can be overthrown only by creating a new society that rests on non patriarchal principles of communality, ecological economy, and grass roots democracy hide spoiler Orhan is in paradise view spoiler Traveling west from Ser kaniy , our delegation wound through cornfields and villages until we reached Til Xenzir Tall Khinzir , a fortified hill that the YPG and YPJ had recaptured from the jihadists a month earlier It was the farthest west we could go some 60 miles 96 kilometers farther, beyond the sparsely populated Arab settled strip, lay Koban We climbed the hill, and from the top we could make out the jihadists positions in the suburbs of the small city of Mabruka and hear the sounds of mortar shells.Littlethan a stone s throw away, to the north, lay the Turkish border Now that Til Xenzir is no longer under the control of the jihadists, tanks have been brought up to the Turkish border At night, the hill is floodlit from Turkey, making it easier for the gangs to observe the movements of the YPG there There is sporadic fighting.The commander at Til Xenzir pointed out a village, across the Turkish border, where the gangs black market takes place There, under the eyes of the Turkish Army and the Turkish state, the jihadists openly sell the booty they have plundered from the villages of Rojava, everything from faucets to house doors Whenever they occupy a village, they grab everything portable even fuses, and cables ripped from the walls and destroy the rest.They can cross the border into Turkey whenever they feel the need Dozens of witnesses in the YPG and YPJ have seen it happen just a few days before we were there, 22 trucks crossed over Witnesses in North Kurdistan also report seeing wounded jihadists in the Turkish hospitals Meanwhile Turkey has sentthan a thousand trucks into Syria, delivering weapons directly into the hands of IS and Al Nusra.We repeatedly saw jihadist units in vehicles meet each other at the Turkish border and exchange things On January 22, several Al Nusra vehicles crossed the border into Rojava and killed two YPG fighters The country they were crossing from, it should be pointed out, is a NATO state, some 30 miles 48 kilometers distant from where German soldiers were stationed.Some fighters from the local YPJ battalions showed us knives that the jihadists had left behind They used them to slit the throats of dead YPG fighters, Avesta, a YPJ commander, told us Among the dead were some Turks, and Some fighters from the local YPJ battalions showed us knives that the jihadists had left behind They used them to slit the throats of dead YPG fighters, Avesta, a YPJ commander, told us Among the dead were some Turks, and one had a cell phone We picked it up and called his home, and a Turkish voice answered, Is this Orhan We said, Orhan is now in Paradise hide spoiler YPG YPJ guerilla tactics view spoiler The YPG and YPJ are a typical guerrilla army they attack quickly, then withdraw quickly They concentrate their forces, then disperse to lay ambushes But this tactic isn t always useful on Rojava s flat terrain To protect villages and cities, they dig ditches with bulldozers, so they can shield themselves from mortar attacks and other heavy weapons They install armor on buildings and farm machinery for use as military equipment In urban warfare, they smash through interior walls in order to move through buildings safely In Koban , the IS gangs had the advantage of being better equipped, while the defense forces had the advantage of local knowledge.But the YPG YPJ s decisive advantage is that they are defending their country and their families and share a common vision The other side has some staunch fighters as well, but many are mercenaries, and most have little connection to the region or its inhabitants When we attended a funeral for martyrs in D r k, we met a fighter from Germany who had been trained as a sharpshooter She told us the IS fighters are poorly trained and mostly inept They come to die, she said They re drugged with stimulants In Cezaa, two hundred of us faced six hundred of them, but we beat them Still, areas liberated by the YPG YPJ often find themselves between a hammer and an anvil Thousands of miles of border must be defended, and the embargo is forcing people to emigrate And while the jihadists fight with modern materiel and weapons, mostly seized from US equipped groups, the weapons used by Rojava s defense forces are ancient The fighters have neither helmets nor bulletproof vests Give us, at long last,weapons implored a YPG commander at Hol We are fighting with Kalashnikovs and machine guns against IS, with its heavy weapons and tanks 44As a result of this imbalance, Rojava s casualties have been too high As of the summer of 2016, an estimated 4,000 fighters have been killed These deaths would not have occurred had the Western states, the Gulf monarchies, and Turkey not initially armed the most radical forces of the Syrian opposition, including the group now known as IS Even today, in view of the attacks in Paris and Brussels and beyond, the United States and Europe continue indirectly, via their NATO partner Turkey, to support Islamist groups like Ahrar Al Sham, which continually attacks Afr n canton, and Jabhat Al Nusra forces that are ideologically and organizationally indistinguishable from IS.45Even with ancient weapons, the YPG and YPJ continue to fight undaunted They are defending not only their homes but their long held dream of Democratic Autonomy As the commander at Hol said, We re fighting for all of you Even with ancient weapons, the YPG and YPJ continue to fight undaunted They are defending not only their homes but their long held dream of Democratic Autonomy As the commander at Hol said, We re fighting for all of you 46 The world, including the United States and Europe, must recognize that in the Middle East there is simply no alternative to democratic self government hide spoiler Peace Committees view spoiler The communes, at the level of the residential street, elect members of the peace committees see 6.3 At the level of the neighborhood or village community, the people s council comprising the communes delegates chooses the peace committees The upper levels in the council system have no peace committees.A peace committee consists of five to nine people, with a gender quota of 40 percent Most members are not traditional magistrates, since they are elected democratically and with gender parity But they usually have experience in mediating disputes Most are over forty years old Their procedures are not spelled out in detail Rules and principles have developed in practice over the years and to some extent are transmitted verbally.Parallel women s peace committees exist to guarantee that in cases of patriarchal violence, decisions are made free from patriarchal influence Women were the driving force in creating these structures A man who commits patriarchal violence against a woman can be sentenced to between six months and three years in prison or community service Even if the woman retracts her complaint, the convicted person has to serve at least six months in prison.Other sanctions against those convicted of crimes may include a period of education, lasting until the trainers are convinced that the person has changed work in a cooperative or public service exclusion from the commune social isolation for some people the hardest of all boycott, if the convicted person has a shop temporary relocation to another neighborhood and exclusion from some public rights hide spoiler The Asay police who also fight to defend the cantons view spoiler The head of the Asay in Qami lo, Heval Ahmed, described himself to us as a Communist, explaining that the force s command structure is democratic, which means that each level chooses its commanders Once a month, there is a big meeting where new commanders can be nominated and elected Each unit consists of 30 45 people and is subdivided into smaller units, which elect their leaders as well.To address problems of aggressive behavior, the Asay have structures for systematic criticism and self criticism To prevent the emergence of hierarchy, the commanders regularly stand before their units and not only self criticize but receive criticism from members.The Asay are a mixed gender institution as of May 2014, women made up about 30 percent of the force But there are also separate women s units, Asay a Jin, that intervene especially in cases of patriarchal violence and domestic abuse The principle is that women can talk to other womeneasily and openly Some women would feel very inhibited, for example, about reporting a rape, or an episode of domestic violence, to mixed or all male Asay members They have far fewer inhibitions about talking to young women Asay a Jin units are closely tied to the women s councils hide spoiler Russia and America view spoiler Once Russia got involved in the Syrian war, some thought it necessary for Rojava to choose between it and the United States, but here too Rojava follows its own third path In the practical battle against IS, it will not be exploited by foreign interests As KCK chief Cemil Bay k told BBC T rkce, We are on the side neither of Russia nor the United States Whoever won t accept us, we won t accept them No one can make a merely tactical alliance with the Kurds any Those days are over Whoever still says, Let s use the Kurds, they re good warriors, let them fight and so achieve our economic and military interests that person is mistaken The Kurds are not the same as yesterday The Kurds have now taken their destiny into their own hands Now whoever makes strategic ties with us can win hide spoiler The meaning of Rojava for Western Leftists view spoiler Kamran Matin explains the meaning of Rojava for Western leftists Considering the malicious anti leftist Turkish government s open resistance, and the US led coalition s reluctance to stand with the YPG YPJ which could be overcome only by the pressure of pro Kurdish public opinion in Europe the success of the Western Left in pressuring the US led coalition to provide unconditional support for the defenders of Koban , with military logistical aid, was actually an important tactical victory for the left s overall anti imperialist strategy Therefore the Left should not, nor can it allow itself to, absolutely exclude Western military aid for the defenders of Koban It should rather concentrate on the concrete conditions and circumstances of such support and on supporting the larger political project and movement for which Koban stands, and it should carefully examine the likely implications of the deployment of even such limited aid for a democratic, leftist project in the region that undermines the goals of these helpers 6 hide spoiler On International Solidarity view spoiler Whenever we asked activists in Rojava what the best form of solidarity would be, the most common answer we got was Build a strong revolutionary movement in your own country That response caused us to reconsider the very concept of solidarity In the history of the Western Left, solidarity has often amounted to a subject object relationship, in which the object of solidarity is tied to the metropolises longings and needs for strong emancipatory movements But this form of solidarity reproduces the colonial perspective on southern, traditionally nonindustrialized, and historically exploited countries Metropolitan leftists sometimes see themselves as helping the poor in these regions but the help they offer serves as a projection screen Since expectations go unfulfilled, both sides of the solidarity exchange end up disappointed.This problem arose in most solidarity movements in the last decade But solidarity, activists in Rojava say, means building solidarity movements together, movements that can learn from and support one another The victory over IS at Koban was a victory of the Rojava project and thus would constitute a strong leftist alternative in an important region The fight for Koban brought Rojava onto Western TV screens, and international solidarity grew rapidly The willingness of Western governments to let Koban fall brought millions of people around the world into the streets and made non intervention impossible.But for many, the question of greatest importance was not only state intervention but also defense of the revolution Volunteers from Australia and Germany joined the battle against IS some have fallen, some are still fighting, and others have started campaigns for Rojava s reconstruction, for supplying medical aid, and for infrastructure projects These people have come into the crosshairs of those who want to cut off Rojava from all support, as it did for the 34 young socialists killed by the bombing in Suru , while they were preparing to build a house for orphans in Koban This cruel attack, as well as the policy of embargo, showed that while it was possible to drop bombs on IS, it s impossible to drop food and medicine into Koban From the perspective of capitalist modernity, a revolutionary alternative in the Middle East would shock the ruling regimes and have unforeseeable consequences in Europe and the rest of the world Not for nothing are the hegemonic powers, even the Ba ath and Erdo an regimes, despite their deep differences, united when it comes to preventing or annihilating the Rojava project.For leftists, solidarity with Rojava is not a question of benevolence but a necessity At the moment, Rojava needs not only material support but also professionals of every kind It needs doctors, engineers, lawyers, artisans, agricultural engineers, and people who are ready to work to build Democratic Autonomy Interested people should first educate themselves about the political content that underlies the Rojava model That could transform the current clamor into a long term movement that advances radical democracy, gender liberation, environmental awareness, and a cooperative economy, mediated by Democratic Autonomy, and as an alternative to capitalist modernity hide spoiler view spoiler The survival of its revolution is also the survival of hope for a free, communal life and a gender liberated, ecological society Those of us in an alienated society can look to Rojava in order to rethink life in our own societies and take heart hide spoiler It offers an interesting overview of what is happening in Rojava, but as the author s write early on, they are implicitly and unreservedly biased which I think serves the importance of what is happening in Rojava poorly.First the good stuff, it gives a thorough overview of the recent history and the power structures that have been implemented in Rojava, covering much of the specific ins and outs There is much that is good and praise worthy about what they are apparently attempting to do there It offers an interesting overview of what is happening in Rojava, but as the author s write early on, they are implicitly and unreservedly biased which I think serves the importance of what is happening in Rojava poorly.First the good stuff, it gives a thorough overview of the recent history and the power structures that have been implemented in Rojava, covering much of the specific ins and outs There is much that is good and praise worthy about what they are apparently attempting to do there see the way I have to use the term apparently, the overtly stated biases of the writers means you can t necessarily trust what is written and even the achievements are over blown, for example in one part of the book they talk about a clash between two different kind of taxi drivers, ones operating in the city and the outskirts and the clashes that occur over airport pick ups, eventually some accommodation is reached there is a central hub set up this is praised as a triumph of the system, yet I see nothing in this solution and the reaching of this solution that could have been done under any political system It gives a very through overview of the system that has been put in place which on balance I think has many positives So if you want a general overview from the point of view of the YPG then this book is for you.However the bad stuff is very grating, for example the term martyr is used time and time again to refer to Kurdish fighters who were killed Fuck your martyrdom I m sorry but human sacrifice can go die in a fire as far as I m concerned, I don t care what your cause is This isn t to say I don t think there are ideals and the likes worth dying for, but the term martyrdom implies a fetishisation of death that I think is at odds with any truly liberating ideology It is very repetitive in parts, I feel the same information could have been delivered in a volume half as thick if not less The theory is extremely thin, class as an essentialist category is hand waved away without any deeper consideration Plus we know the YPG aren t angels they are after all in bed with the US, ergo Trump and the neo cons , I don t expect them to be, but I expectthan just mindless propaganda from what is essentially my side We get a very negative image painted of Assad and the ridiculous notion that life is somehow better under a state of civil war than it was under him, I m no apologist for Assad, I accept he s a brutal dictator, but the state of Syria under Assad was one of the few secularist states in the middle east and there was a certain quality of life under the regime that isn t accounted for in this book These ideas are too important to be considered uncritically and I expect a bit better from my side you end up with a tome that probably tells you a good deal of truth about the situation in Rojava, but at the same time everything has to be taken with a fairly hefty pinch of salt This isn t the book that ll necessarily let you form your own opinion, which is a real shame.Three stars because on balance I want to believe what I read in this book, that a better world is possible, especially in a place which is currently one of the worst on earth and for a people who have been brutally oppressed over the centuries, but I m probably being a bit generous here This book leaves me emotionally conflicted on the one hand guilty for not having taken the time to search beyond the articles on the military efforts of YPG YPJ, and properly educate myself on the revolutionary changes occurring on a societal level in Rojava while on the other hand weeping from joy having had confirmed the inherent goodness of humans and the potentiality of creating change from the bottom up.I appreciated the authors going into detail with regards to how the system of democrat This book leaves me emotionally conflicted on the one hand guilty for not having taken the time to search beyond the articles on the military efforts of YPG YPJ, and properly educate myself on the revolutionary changes occurring on a societal level in Rojava while on the other hand weeping from joy having had confirmed the inherent goodness of humans and the potentiality of creating change from the bottom up.I appreciated the authors going into detail with regards to how the system of democratic autonomy actually works in practice Reading calan s Democratic Confederalism it all seemed a little wishy washy to me, but having it concretized helps a lot I advise all leftists of an anarchist libertarian bend lend buy this book, it is the most inspiring thing I ve read in a long time As for how such a democratic revolution can take place in non war torn, advanced capitalist societies I am still far from sure of, but I think at least being concious of the models being employed in Rojava can be a good place to start the conversation This was an absolutely essential book in understanding the movement in Rojava and the political situation in Syria Couldn t recommend this book It s easy to be cynical and find faults on the Left, but the project of the Syrian Kurds and associates in Northern Kurdistan offers some hope When the Arab Spring hit Syria, the PYD, building on long years of organizing and conflict, was able to instigate a social revolution, very much spearheaded by women, and declared Democratic Autonomy Much of this book details the intricacies of the communes, people s councils, etc., that make up the MGRK People s Council of West Kurdistan system, an It s easy to be cynical and find faults on the Left, but the project of the Syrian Kurds and associates in Northern Kurdistan offers some hope When the Arab Spring hit Syria, the PYD, building on long years of organizing and conflict, was able to instigate a social revolution, very much spearheaded by women, and declared Democratic Autonomy Much of this book details the intricacies of the communes, people s councils, etc., that make up the MGRK People s Council of West Kurdistan system, and its connections with the DAAs Democratic Autonomous Administrations An excellent overall picture is given for events up to mid 2016, althoughdetailed information on the composition of the economy would be valuable.The Middle East is an arena where all kinds of authoritarian powers struggle for supremacy If a direct democratic, ecological, feminist model can survive there maybe not all is lost for humanity Rojava is a democratic, autonomous region in Syrian Kurdistan aiming to build a society based on equality They re multi ethnic, multi religious and actively fighting for women s liberation These efforts could be utopian, were it not for the costly invasions by neighbors like Turkey and IS, and for the scarcity caused by ruthless international embargoes.Despite these struggles, Rojava keeps building this progressive society This book does a fantastic job in explaining the what, why and how It Rojava is a democratic, autonomous region in Syrian Kurdistan aiming to build a society based on equality They re multi ethnic, multi religious and actively fighting for women s liberation These efforts could be utopian, were it not for the costly invasions by neighbors like Turkey and IS, and for the scarcity caused by ruthless international embargoes.Despite these struggles, Rojava keeps building this progressive society This book does a fantastic job in explaining the what, why and how It gives a good overview for beginners, but also goes into details on specific topics like education, ecology, economics, and a lotRojava is a fascinating project, and it would be a shame not to learnabout and from it An excellent source, although there have been many developments since it s publication in 2015 I.E it s now the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria AANES There are seven cantons instead of three The bottom up council system, particularly TEV DEM movement for democratic society is different as well.Still a great introduction I would recommend the research coming out of the Rojava Information Center RIC for on the ground updates. Rojova is a region in Norther Syria where people are trying to live what could be considered as one of the most advanced form of democracy where women have the same rights as men and local assemblies are always co chaired by a man and a woman Further, It is a pluralistic society where people from different religions and background coexist in a peaceful manner These are the people Western countries and Turkey called terrorists Well, let me tell you I would rather live with that kind of t Rojova is a region in Norther Syria where people are trying to live what could be considered as one of the most advanced form of democracy where women have the same rights as men and local assemblies are always co chaired by a man and a woman Further, It is a pluralistic society where people from different religions and background coexist in a peaceful manner These are the people Western countries and Turkey called terrorists Well, let me tell you I would rather live with that kind of terrorists than the hypocritical 1% of the wealthiest who are gravely contributing to the turmoil happening in that part of the world for reason of oil and weaponry Extremely courageous young women in Rojava are enrolled in female milicia YPG to fight against Daesh and other factions or countries such as Erdogan s Turkey which decided to annihilate them as Turkey also attempted to do with the Armenians in 1915, incapable of tolarating anyone who is not a Turk.This book is well researched and studied rendering on what is going on and constitutes an eye opener compare to the daily blabla of the news media that never give the whole context of what is going on over there

Revolution in Rojava: Democratic Autonomy and Women's
    Revolution in Rojava: Democratic Autonomy and Women's the cantons of Rojava in Syrian Kurdistan, where in the wake of war people are quietly building one of the most progressive societies in the world today Revolution in Rojava tells the story of Rojava s groundbreaking experiment in what they call democratic confederalism, a communally organized democracy that is fiercely anti capitalist and committed to female equality, while rejecting reactionary nationalist ideologies Rooted in the ideas of imprisoned Kurdish leader Abdullah Ocalan, the system is built on effective gender quotas, bottom up democratic structures, far sighted ecological policies, and a powerful militancy that has allowed the region to keep ISIS at bay This first full length study of democratic developments in Rojava tells an extraordinary and powerfully hopeful story of a little known battle for true freedom in dark times. The onlyimportant thing going on this world than the Revolution in Rojava is the ecological crisis The world, and especially the international left, ignores this at their own peril.An absolutely fascinating book on contemporary history mostly focused on the years 2011 2016 on a topic that is being wildly ignored by most media because they simply lack the language, and the knowledge to even understand what s going on there The idea that democracy might take a form other than the pervert The onlyimportant thing going on this world than the Revolution in Rojava is the ecological crisis The world, and especially the international left, ignores this at their own peril.An absolutely fascinating book on contemporary history mostly focused on the years 2011 2016 on a topic that is being wildly ignored by most media because they simply lack the language, and the knowledge to even understand what s going on there The idea that democracy might take a form other than the perverted, western notion of liberal electoral republic is utterly incomprehensible to most people, and it is exactly these people that should read this book The very notion that a movement might reject the very notion of a state as it is now, that it might reject the way adjudication is done today, that it elevates women to a truly equitable place in society is alien to western liberals even worse, to some western leftists.The situation in Syria is getting worse with every passing day, and I genuinely fear that this unique movement will be forgotten by history and with it, any hope that humanity has for a better future Fantastic and extremely thorough account of the revolution that has taken place in Rojava 2011 now Gives a good amount of historical and geographical context so you can understand what s going on and offers insight into nearly every part of life in Rojava under Democratic Autonomy I m a Marxist Leninist, so I disagree with some of the characterizations of state socialism In fact the place in the world that most resembles Rojava s system of communal democracy is Cuba, supposedly a bureaucrat Fantastic and extremely thorough account of the revolution that has taken place in Rojava 2011 now Gives a good amount of historical and geographical context so you can understand what s going on and offers insight into nearly every part of life in Rojava under Democratic Autonomy I m a Marxist Leninist, so I disagree with some of the characterizations of state socialism In fact the place in the world that most resembles Rojava s system of communal democracy is Cuba, supposedly a bureaucratic or authoritarian regime But otherwise just a fantastic fantastic book that every leftist here in Turtle Island should read Solidarity to Rojava Bij Rojava, Bij YPG YPJ, Bij TEV DEM, Bij MGRK In Rojava, not one line will be drawn around any patch of soil on the basis of ethnicity, language, religion, or culture A great resource on the revolution in Rojava, the new society that they re trying to build, and the challenges they face.It s insane to me that they re able to build a societyegalitarian anddemocratic than ours, and in the middle of a war zone Highlights A popular joke in the Democratic Autonomy view spoiler In this part of the world, the familiar joke went, In Rojava, not one line will be drawn around any patch of soil on the basis of ethnicity, language, religion, or culture A great resource on the revolution in Rojava, the new society that they re trying to build, and the challenges they face.It s insane to me that they re able to build a societyegalitarian anddemocratic than ours, and in the middle of a war zone Highlights A popular joke in the Democratic Autonomy view spoiler In this part of the world, the familiar joke went, to ask for your own state is basically to say I demand the right to be tortured by secret police speaking my own language hide spoiler Women s militias and anti capitalism, anti statism view spoiler When we asked about the origins of the women s militias, we were often greeted by the same formulae Well, we re anti capitalist One thing we think the twentieth century has shown us is that you can t get rid of capitalism without getting rid of the state And you can t get rid of the state without eliminating patriarchy The implication giving all women access to automatic weapons seems a fairly obvious place to start hide spoiler On the unlikelihood of armed feminist uprisings view spoiler If one had told almost anyone who wasn t part of the Kurdish movement in 2010 that by 2015 there would be an armed feminist uprising demanding direct democracy across a significant swath of the Middle East, they would probably have thought you were insane Yet there it is hide spoiler calan and Gilgamesh view spoiler The decline of society, in this analysis, began with the fall of woman The Epic of Gilgamesh presents male identity as a tool of hegemony Masculinity becomes an ideology, a ruling ideology such that Gilgamesh sees women not as human beings but as objects that men can use for pleasure At the same time, the epic separates the individual from a nature based tribal society It contrasts the patriarchal city state culture with nature The nature man Enkidu is urbanized, using female sexuality and prostitution, and destroys individuals subsistence, rendering them dependent, and hence their freedom Thus the Epic of Gilgamesh is a narrative of expulsion from, and forced abandonment of, villages Other mythologies, such as the Babylonian Enuma Elish, define the emergence of the social status quo as a violent process of patriarchal self empowerment Together they correspond to an archeologically ascertainable ancient economy controlled by the state temple with mass production and by the Sumerians statist model of domination hide spoiler Democratic Civilization view spoiler For calan, the concept of democratic civilization is a permanent sub tradition of resistance to statist civilization It opens new possibilities beyond classical historical materialism Indeed, it criticizes historical materialism as Euro and androcentric for requiring colonized societies to develop an industrial proletariat over, it is subject to ecological critique, as capitalist industrialization is not sustainable for this planet and its inhabitants.13 By contrast, the Kurdish freedom movement s approach proposes to strengthen democratic civilization and develop a democratic modernity.The modernist ideology of Kemalism agrees with classical Marxism in regarding the Middle East as an underdeveloped region and disparages the Kurdish areas as less advanced But if capitalism has not yet totally absorbed the social fabric of the Middle East, that is an advantage The Kurdish areas in particular are not a feudal society that must be overcome by capitalism in order to reach socialism and communism On the contrary, the Kurdish democratic approach regards it as positive that the Middle East has not yet been fully submerged by the alienation and atomization of capitalist modernity, since it means opportunities for development beyond modernist lines remain that is, a different approach to tradition and society So the area in which Kurds live now is a relatively fertile ground for development along nonmodernist lines.We thus have two traditions the tradition of democratic civilization and the tradition of statist civilization, which in political and social terms we can express as Democratic Modernity and Capitalist Modernity These traditions are classified according to their emancipatory content Those that have established themselves by statism and patriarchy are to be criticized, while traditions of collectivity, that embrace the social role of women, that solve social conflicts through compromise, and that further the coexistence of diverse social singularities are to be strengthened Power is not to be conquered rather, an alternative is to be constructed at this historical moment.14 By connecting people to each other in councils and by empowering people through self administration, the Kurdish approach resists Capitalist Modernity and the nation state and constructs a practical alternative hide spoiler PKK against the patriarchy view spoiler According to PKK ideology, patriarchy, a system that justifies the exploitation of nature and society, can be overthrown only by creating a new society that rests on non patriarchal principles of communality, ecological economy, and grass roots democracy hide spoiler Orhan is in paradise view spoiler Traveling west from Ser kaniy , our delegation wound through cornfields and villages until we reached Til Xenzir Tall Khinzir , a fortified hill that the YPG and YPJ had recaptured from the jihadists a month earlier It was the farthest west we could go some 60 miles 96 kilometers farther, beyond the sparsely populated Arab settled strip, lay Koban We climbed the hill, and from the top we could make out the jihadists positions in the suburbs of the small city of Mabruka and hear the sounds of mortar shells.Littlethan a stone s throw away, to the north, lay the Turkish border Now that Til Xenzir is no longer under the control of the jihadists, tanks have been brought up to the Turkish border At night, the hill is floodlit from Turkey, making it easier for the gangs to observe the movements of the YPG there There is sporadic fighting.The commander at Til Xenzir pointed out a village, across the Turkish border, where the gangs black market takes place There, under the eyes of the Turkish Army and the Turkish state, the jihadists openly sell the booty they have plundered from the villages of Rojava, everything from faucets to house doors Whenever they occupy a village, they grab everything portable even fuses, and cables ripped from the walls and destroy the rest.They can cross the border into Turkey whenever they feel the need Dozens of witnesses in the YPG and YPJ have seen it happen just a few days before we were there, 22 trucks crossed over Witnesses in North Kurdistan also report seeing wounded jihadists in the Turkish hospitals Meanwhile Turkey has sentthan a thousand trucks into Syria, delivering weapons directly into the hands of IS and Al Nusra.We repeatedly saw jihadist units in vehicles meet each other at the Turkish border and exchange things On January 22, several Al Nusra vehicles crossed the border into Rojava and killed two YPG fighters The country they were crossing from, it should be pointed out, is a NATO state, some 30 miles 48 kilometers distant from where German soldiers were stationed.Some fighters from the local YPJ battalions showed us knives that the jihadists had left behind They used them to slit the throats of dead YPG fighters, Avesta, a YPJ commander, told us Among the dead were some Turks, and Some fighters from the local YPJ battalions showed us knives that the jihadists had left behind They used them to slit the throats of dead YPG fighters, Avesta, a YPJ commander, told us Among the dead were some Turks, and one had a cell phone We picked it up and called his home, and a Turkish voice answered, Is this Orhan We said, Orhan is now in Paradise hide spoiler YPG YPJ guerilla tactics view spoiler The YPG and YPJ are a typical guerrilla army they attack quickly, then withdraw quickly They concentrate their forces, then disperse to lay ambushes But this tactic isn t always useful on Rojava s flat terrain To protect villages and cities, they dig ditches with bulldozers, so they can shield themselves from mortar attacks and other heavy weapons They install armor on buildings and farm machinery for use as military equipment In urban warfare, they smash through interior walls in order to move through buildings safely In Koban , the IS gangs had the advantage of being better equipped, while the defense forces had the advantage of local knowledge.But the YPG YPJ s decisive advantage is that they are defending their country and their families and share a common vision The other side has some staunch fighters as well, but many are mercenaries, and most have little connection to the region or its inhabitants When we attended a funeral for martyrs in D r k, we met a fighter from Germany who had been trained as a sharpshooter She told us the IS fighters are poorly trained and mostly inept They come to die, she said They re drugged with stimulants In Cezaa, two hundred of us faced six hundred of them, but we beat them Still, areas liberated by the YPG YPJ often find themselves between a hammer and an anvil Thousands of miles of border must be defended, and the embargo is forcing people to emigrate And while the jihadists fight with modern materiel and weapons, mostly seized from US equipped groups, the weapons used by Rojava s defense forces are ancient The fighters have neither helmets nor bulletproof vests Give us, at long last,weapons implored a YPG commander at Hol We are fighting with Kalashnikovs and machine guns against IS, with its heavy weapons and tanks 44As a result of this imbalance, Rojava s casualties have been too high As of the summer of 2016, an estimated 4,000 fighters have been killed These deaths would not have occurred had the Western states, the Gulf monarchies, and Turkey not initially armed the most radical forces of the Syrian opposition, including the group now known as IS Even today, in view of the attacks in Paris and Brussels and beyond, the United States and Europe continue indirectly, via their NATO partner Turkey, to support Islamist groups like Ahrar Al Sham, which continually attacks Afr n canton, and Jabhat Al Nusra forces that are ideologically and organizationally indistinguishable from IS.45Even with ancient weapons, the YPG and YPJ continue to fight undaunted They are defending not only their homes but their long held dream of Democratic Autonomy As the commander at Hol said, We re fighting for all of you Even with ancient weapons, the YPG and YPJ continue to fight undaunted They are defending not only their homes but their long held dream of Democratic Autonomy As the commander at Hol said, We re fighting for all of you 46 The world, including the United States and Europe, must recognize that in the Middle East there is simply no alternative to democratic self government hide spoiler Peace Committees view spoiler The communes, at the level of the residential street, elect members of the peace committees see 6.3 At the level of the neighborhood or village community, the people s council comprising the communes delegates chooses the peace committees The upper levels in the council system have no peace committees.A peace committee consists of five to nine people, with a gender quota of 40 percent Most members are not traditional magistrates, since they are elected democratically and with gender parity But they usually have experience in mediating disputes Most are over forty years old Their procedures are not spelled out in detail Rules and principles have developed in practice over the years and to some extent are transmitted verbally.Parallel women s peace committees exist to guarantee that in cases of patriarchal violence, decisions are made free from patriarchal influence Women were the driving force in creating these structures A man who commits patriarchal violence against a woman can be sentenced to between six months and three years in prison or community service Even if the woman retracts her complaint, the convicted person has to serve at least six months in prison.Other sanctions against those convicted of crimes may include a period of education, lasting until the trainers are convinced that the person has changed work in a cooperative or public service exclusion from the commune social isolation for some people the hardest of all boycott, if the convicted person has a shop temporary relocation to another neighborhood and exclusion from some public rights hide spoiler The Asay police who also fight to defend the cantons view spoiler The head of the Asay in Qami lo, Heval Ahmed, described himself to us as a Communist, explaining that the force s command structure is democratic, which means that each level chooses its commanders Once a month, there is a big meeting where new commanders can be nominated and elected Each unit consists of 30 45 people and is subdivided into smaller units, which elect their leaders as well.To address problems of aggressive behavior, the Asay have structures for systematic criticism and self criticism To prevent the emergence of hierarchy, the commanders regularly stand before their units and not only self criticize but receive criticism from members.The Asay are a mixed gender institution as of May 2014, women made up about 30 percent of the force But there are also separate women s units, Asay a Jin, that intervene especially in cases of patriarchal violence and domestic abuse The principle is that women can talk to other womeneasily and openly Some women would feel very inhibited, for example, about reporting a rape, or an episode of domestic violence, to mixed or all male Asay members They have far fewer inhibitions about talking to young women Asay a Jin units are closely tied to the women s councils hide spoiler Russia and America view spoiler Once Russia got involved in the Syrian war, some thought it necessary for Rojava to choose between it and the United States, but here too Rojava follows its own third path In the practical battle against IS, it will not be exploited by foreign interests As KCK chief Cemil Bay k told BBC T rkce, We are on the side neither of Russia nor the United States Whoever won t accept us, we won t accept them No one can make a merely tactical alliance with the Kurds any Those days are over Whoever still says, Let s use the Kurds, they re good warriors, let them fight and so achieve our economic and military interests that person is mistaken The Kurds are not the same as yesterday The Kurds have now taken their destiny into their own hands Now whoever makes strategic ties with us can win hide spoiler The meaning of Rojava for Western Leftists view spoiler Kamran Matin explains the meaning of Rojava for Western leftists Considering the malicious anti leftist Turkish government s open resistance, and the US led coalition s reluctance to stand with the YPG YPJ which could be overcome only by the pressure of pro Kurdish public opinion in Europe the success of the Western Left in pressuring the US led coalition to provide unconditional support for the defenders of Koban , with military logistical aid, was actually an important tactical victory for the left s overall anti imperialist strategy Therefore the Left should not, nor can it allow itself to, absolutely exclude Western military aid for the defenders of Koban It should rather concentrate on the concrete conditions and circumstances of such support and on supporting the larger political project and movement for which Koban stands, and it should carefully examine the likely implications of the deployment of even such limited aid for a democratic, leftist project in the region that undermines the goals of these helpers 6 hide spoiler On International Solidarity view spoiler Whenever we asked activists in Rojava what the best form of solidarity would be, the most common answer we got was Build a strong revolutionary movement in your own country That response caused us to reconsider the very concept of solidarity In the history of the Western Left, solidarity has often amounted to a subject object relationship, in which the object of solidarity is tied to the metropolises longings and needs for strong emancipatory movements But this form of solidarity reproduces the colonial perspective on southern, traditionally nonindustrialized, and historically exploited countries Metropolitan leftists sometimes see themselves as helping the poor in these regions but the help they offer serves as a projection screen Since expectations go unfulfilled, both sides of the solidarity exchange end up disappointed.This problem arose in most solidarity movements in the last decade But solidarity, activists in Rojava say, means building solidarity movements together, movements that can learn from and support one another The victory over IS at Koban was a victory of the Rojava project and thus would constitute a strong leftist alternative in an important region The fight for Koban brought Rojava onto Western TV screens, and international solidarity grew rapidly The willingness of Western governments to let Koban fall brought millions of people around the world into the streets and made non intervention impossible.But for many, the question of greatest importance was not only state intervention but also defense of the revolution Volunteers from Australia and Germany joined the battle against IS some have fallen, some are still fighting, and others have started campaigns for Rojava s reconstruction, for supplying medical aid, and for infrastructure projects These people have come into the crosshairs of those who want to cut off Rojava from all support, as it did for the 34 young socialists killed by the bombing in Suru , while they were preparing to build a house for orphans in Koban This cruel attack, as well as the policy of embargo, showed that while it was possible to drop bombs on IS, it s impossible to drop food and medicine into Koban From the perspective of capitalist modernity, a revolutionary alternative in the Middle East would shock the ruling regimes and have unforeseeable consequences in Europe and the rest of the world Not for nothing are the hegemonic powers, even the Ba ath and Erdo an regimes, despite their deep differences, united when it comes to preventing or annihilating the Rojava project.For leftists, solidarity with Rojava is not a question of benevolence but a necessity At the moment, Rojava needs not only material support but also professionals of every kind It needs doctors, engineers, lawyers, artisans, agricultural engineers, and people who are ready to work to build Democratic Autonomy Interested people should first educate themselves about the political content that underlies the Rojava model That could transform the current clamor into a long term movement that advances radical democracy, gender liberation, environmental awareness, and a cooperative economy, mediated by Democratic Autonomy, and as an alternative to capitalist modernity hide spoiler view spoiler The survival of its revolution is also the survival of hope for a free, communal life and a gender liberated, ecological society Those of us in an alienated society can look to Rojava in order to rethink life in our own societies and take heart hide spoiler It offers an interesting overview of what is happening in Rojava, but as the author s write early on, they are implicitly and unreservedly biased which I think serves the importance of what is happening in Rojava poorly.First the good stuff, it gives a thorough overview of the recent history and the power structures that have been implemented in Rojava, covering much of the specific ins and outs There is much that is good and praise worthy about what they are apparently attempting to do there It offers an interesting overview of what is happening in Rojava, but as the author s write early on, they are implicitly and unreservedly biased which I think serves the importance of what is happening in Rojava poorly.First the good stuff, it gives a thorough overview of the recent history and the power structures that have been implemented in Rojava, covering much of the specific ins and outs There is much that is good and praise worthy about what they are apparently attempting to do there see the way I have to use the term apparently, the overtly stated biases of the writers means you can t necessarily trust what is written and even the achievements are over blown, for example in one part of the book they talk about a clash between two different kind of taxi drivers, ones operating in the city and the outskirts and the clashes that occur over airport pick ups, eventually some accommodation is reached there is a central hub set up this is praised as a triumph of the system, yet I see nothing in this solution and the reaching of this solution that could have been done under any political system It gives a very through overview of the system that has been put in place which on balance I think has many positives So if you want a general overview from the point of view of the YPG then this book is for you.However the bad stuff is very grating, for example the term martyr is used time and time again to refer to Kurdish fighters who were killed Fuck your martyrdom I m sorry but human sacrifice can go die in a fire as far as I m concerned, I don t care what your cause is This isn t to say I don t think there are ideals and the likes worth dying for, but the term martyrdom implies a fetishisation of death that I think is at odds with any truly liberating ideology It is very repetitive in parts, I feel the same information could have been delivered in a volume half as thick if not less The theory is extremely thin, class as an essentialist category is hand waved away without any deeper consideration Plus we know the YPG aren t angels they are after all in bed with the US, ergo Trump and the neo cons , I don t expect them to be, but I expectthan just mindless propaganda from what is essentially my side We get a very negative image painted of Assad and the ridiculous notion that life is somehow better under a state of civil war than it was under him, I m no apologist for Assad, I accept he s a brutal dictator, but the state of Syria under Assad was one of the few secularist states in the middle east and there was a certain quality of life under the regime that isn t accounted for in this book These ideas are too important to be considered uncritically and I expect a bit better from my side you end up with a tome that probably tells you a good deal of truth about the situation in Rojava, but at the same time everything has to be taken with a fairly hefty pinch of salt This isn t the book that ll necessarily let you form your own opinion, which is a real shame.Three stars because on balance I want to believe what I read in this book, that a better world is possible, especially in a place which is currently one of the worst on earth and for a people who have been brutally oppressed over the centuries, but I m probably being a bit generous here This book leaves me emotionally conflicted on the one hand guilty for not having taken the time to search beyond the articles on the military efforts of YPG YPJ, and properly educate myself on the revolutionary changes occurring on a societal level in Rojava while on the other hand weeping from joy having had confirmed the inherent goodness of humans and the potentiality of creating change from the bottom up.I appreciated the authors going into detail with regards to how the system of democrat This book leaves me emotionally conflicted on the one hand guilty for not having taken the time to search beyond the articles on the military efforts of YPG YPJ, and properly educate myself on the revolutionary changes occurring on a societal level in Rojava while on the other hand weeping from joy having had confirmed the inherent goodness of humans and the potentiality of creating change from the bottom up.I appreciated the authors going into detail with regards to how the system of democratic autonomy actually works in practice Reading calan s Democratic Confederalism it all seemed a little wishy washy to me, but having it concretized helps a lot I advise all leftists of an anarchist libertarian bend lend buy this book, it is the most inspiring thing I ve read in a long time As for how such a democratic revolution can take place in non war torn, advanced capitalist societies I am still far from sure of, but I think at least being concious of the models being employed in Rojava can be a good place to start the conversation This was an absolutely essential book in understanding the movement in Rojava and the political situation in Syria Couldn t recommend this book It s easy to be cynical and find faults on the Left, but the project of the Syrian Kurds and associates in Northern Kurdistan offers some hope When the Arab Spring hit Syria, the PYD, building on long years of organizing and conflict, was able to instigate a social revolution, very much spearheaded by women, and declared Democratic Autonomy Much of this book details the intricacies of the communes, people s councils, etc., that make up the MGRK People s Council of West Kurdistan system, an It s easy to be cynical and find faults on the Left, but the project of the Syrian Kurds and associates in Northern Kurdistan offers some hope When the Arab Spring hit Syria, the PYD, building on long years of organizing and conflict, was able to instigate a social revolution, very much spearheaded by women, and declared Democratic Autonomy Much of this book details the intricacies of the communes, people s councils, etc., that make up the MGRK People s Council of West Kurdistan system, and its connections with the DAAs Democratic Autonomous Administrations An excellent overall picture is given for events up to mid 2016, althoughdetailed information on the composition of the economy would be valuable.The Middle East is an arena where all kinds of authoritarian powers struggle for supremacy If a direct democratic, ecological, feminist model can survive there maybe not all is lost for humanity Rojava is a democratic, autonomous region in Syrian Kurdistan aiming to build a society based on equality They re multi ethnic, multi religious and actively fighting for women s liberation These efforts could be utopian, were it not for the costly invasions by neighbors like Turkey and IS, and for the scarcity caused by ruthless international embargoes.Despite these struggles, Rojava keeps building this progressive society This book does a fantastic job in explaining the what, why and how It Rojava is a democratic, autonomous region in Syrian Kurdistan aiming to build a society based on equality They re multi ethnic, multi religious and actively fighting for women s liberation These efforts could be utopian, were it not for the costly invasions by neighbors like Turkey and IS, and for the scarcity caused by ruthless international embargoes.Despite these struggles, Rojava keeps building this progressive society This book does a fantastic job in explaining the what, why and how It gives a good overview for beginners, but also goes into details on specific topics like education, ecology, economics, and a lotRojava is a fascinating project, and it would be a shame not to learnabout and from it An excellent source, although there have been many developments since it s publication in 2015 I.E it s now the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria AANES There are seven cantons instead of three The bottom up council system, particularly TEV DEM movement for democratic society is different as well.Still a great introduction I would recommend the research coming out of the Rojava Information Center RIC for on the ground updates. Rojova is a region in Norther Syria where people are trying to live what could be considered as one of the most advanced form of democracy where women have the same rights as men and local assemblies are always co chaired by a man and a woman Further, It is a pluralistic society where people from different religions and background coexist in a peaceful manner These are the people Western countries and Turkey called terrorists Well, let me tell you I would rather live with that kind of t Rojova is a region in Norther Syria where people are trying to live what could be considered as one of the most advanced form of democracy where women have the same rights as men and local assemblies are always co chaired by a man and a woman Further, It is a pluralistic society where people from different religions and background coexist in a peaceful manner These are the people Western countries and Turkey called terrorists Well, let me tell you I would rather live with that kind of terrorists than the hypocritical 1% of the wealthiest who are gravely contributing to the turmoil happening in that part of the world for reason of oil and weaponry Extremely courageous young women in Rojava are enrolled in female milicia YPG to fight against Daesh and other factions or countries such as Erdogan s Turkey which decided to annihilate them as Turkey also attempted to do with the Armenians in 1915, incapable of tolarating anyone who is not a Turk.This book is well researched and studied rendering on what is going on and constitutes an eye opener compare to the daily blabla of the news media that never give the whole context of what is going on over there "/>
  • Hardcover
  • 272 pages
  • Revolution in Rojava: Democratic Autonomy and Women's Liberation in the Syrian Kurdistan
  • Michael Knapp
  • 02 June 2019
  • 0745336647