Relato de un náufrago

Relato de un náufrago❮KINDLE❯ ❄ Relato de un náufrago Author Gabriel García Márquez – Oaklandjobs.co.uk El 28 de febrero de 1955 un furibundo golpe de mar hizo escorar el destructor colombiano Caldas y arrojó al agua a ocho tripulantes de la nave Solo uno de ellos el marinero Luis Alejandro Velasco pud El de febrero de un furibundo golpe de mar hizo escorar el destructor colombiano Caldas y arrojó al agua a ocho tripulantes de la nave Solo uno de ellos el marinero Luis Alejandro Velasco pudo alcanzar una balsa y sobrevivir en el mar Caribe durante diez días sin agua o Relato de PDF/EPUB ² alimento alguno Tras una larga serie de entrevistas con el náufrago el joven Gabriel García Máruez compuso un fascinante relato en primera persona donde el heroico marinero explica las penalidades ue sufrió y los peligros ue hubo de correr hasta llegar exhausto a una playa cercana a Mulatos En su increíble odisea Velasco padeció un hambre y una sed atroces estuvo expuesto a un sol implacable ue le ampolló la piel fue asediado cada tarde por voraces tiburones se sobrepuso a una angustiosa soledad y a continuas alucinaciones Con un cautivador estilo periodístico García Máruez dotó al relato de un intenso dramatismo lo construyó con medidas dosis de suspense y le aportó algunas notas de humor e ironía ue venían a reflejar en palabras del escritor «la inteligencia el heroísmo y la integridad del protagonista» Esta edición del famoso relato del Premio Nobel colombiano contiene unas utilísimas notas aclaratorias y una sección final de actividades donde se analiza la obra con pormenor El relato ue ha sido ilustrado en color por el artista italiano Gianni de Conno cuenta asimismo con un apéndice en ue se explican las circunstancias de su creación y difusión así como con un peueño álbum fotográfico del náufrago. Relato de un náufrago The Story of a Shipwrecked Sailor Gabriel García Máruez This is Maruez's account of a real life event In 1955 eight crew members of the destroyer Caldas were swept into the Caribbean Sea The sole survivor Luis Alejandro Belasco told the true version of the events to Maruez causing great scandal at the timeتاریخ نخستین خوانش روز چهاردهم ماه نوامبر سال 1982 میلادیعنوان سرگذشت یک غریق؛ نویسنده گابریل گارسیا مارکز؛ مترجم رضا قیصریه؛ بی جا، روزگار ما، 1359، در 147 ص، مصور، چاپ دیگر تهران، نیلوفر، 1368، در 102 ص؛ چاپ سوم 1383، در 146 ص؛ شابک 9644482492؛ چاپ چهارم 1387، شابک 9789643382496؛ موضوع داستانهای نویسندگان کلمبیایی سده 20 مدر سال 1970 میلادی، روایت «مارکز» از ماجرای «ملوان ولاسکو» در کتابی با عنوان «سرگذشت یک غریق» منتشر شد با آن‌که مارکز این اثر را در بیست و هفت سالگی خویش بنوشته است، اما نوشته ‌ای‌ ست بی ‌نقص، و بسیار خواندنی برای این‌که چیره ‌دستی مارکز را بهتر درک کنیم، باید تصور کنیم بخواهیم حدود صد صفحه از زند‌گی ده ‌روزه ‌ی یک مرد را، روی کلکی، در وسط دریا بنویسیم مارکز جوان، از این موقعیت یک‌نواخت و ساکن، روایتی پرکشش، و سرگرم ‌کننده ارائه کرده است، به گونه ای که خوانشگر، مشتاقانه از ابتدا تا انتهای کتاب را می‌خواند، و حس تعلیق، هرگزی او را رها نمی‌کند جذابیت این داستان مستند، گاه یادآور آن نبرد معروف در «پیرمرد و دریا»، نوشته ‌ی ارنست همینگوی است؛ و در معدود صحنه‌ هایی نیز، تداعی‌ کننده ‌ی «رابینسون کروزو»، نوشته‌ ی دانیل دفو است نقل از متن زیر تابش آن خورشید سوزان و با آن نومیدی و آن تشنگی که برای نخستن بار واقعا غیرقابل تحمل شده بود، یک اتفاق غیرمنتظره و عجیب، برایم رخ داد در وسط قایق، در میان طنابهای تور، ریشه ی گیاهی قرمزرنگ گیر کرده بود مثل آن ریشه‌ هایی که در «بویاکا»، برای رنگ می‌کوبند، و اسمش را به یاد نمی‌آورم نمی‌دانم از چه وقت آنجا بود در طی نه روزی که در دریا بودم، یک برگ علف هم در سطح دریا ندیده بودم، و در عین حال، بدون اینکه بدانم چگونه آن ریشه آنجا بود، در طنابهای تور پیچیده شده، و نشانه ی غیرقابل انکار دیگری از زمین بود زمینی که از هیچ سمتی دیده نمی‌شد؛ پایان نقل از متن ا شربیانی The full title is The Story of a Shipwrecked Sailor Who Drifted on a Liferaft for Ten Days Without Food or Water Was Proclaimed a National Hero Kissed by Beauty ueens Made Rich Through Publicity and Then Spurned by the Government and Forgotten for All Time which pretty much sums up the storyThe story of Luis Alejandro Velasco is one of intense survival as he was flung overboard from the destroyer Caldas with seven of his fellow seamen on February 28 1955 The ship was traveling from Mobile Alabama in the United States where it had docked for repairs to the Colombian port of Cartagena where it arrived two hours after the tragedy After four days the search was abandoned and the lost sailors were officially declared dead Velasco however found a raft and remained on the open sea without food and without hope After drifting with sea currents for ten days an emaciated Velasco arrives with his raft on a coast that he later discovers to be Colombia He is received first with affection and later with military honors and much money from publicity agencies The story on El Espectador Yet Luis Alejandro Velasco carried a secret within himself I asked Luis Alejandro Velasco to describe the storm that caused the disaster Aware that his statement was worth its weight in gold he answered with a smile “There was no storm” It was true the weather bureau confirmed that it had been another clear and mild February in the Caribbean Gabriel García Máruez in the foreword to the bookThe truth unpublished until then was that the destroyer was loaded with contraband Not being able to withstand the weight of its cargo the ship tossed in windy seas and dropped its ill secured cargo and eight of its seamen into the sea Knowing that it was illegal to transport cargo on a destroyer the journalists were in a dilemma as Colombia was under the military and social dictatorship of General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla and the press was heavily censoredThe story divided into installments ran for fourteen days The government denied that the destroyer was loaded with contraband To back up the story a special supplement was published one week after the publication of the series containing photographic proof Behind the groups of friends on the high seas one could see the boxes of contraband merchandise and even unmistakably the factory labels The dictatorship countered the blow with a series of drastic reprisals that would result months later in the shutdown of the newspaperThe aftermathLuis Alejandro Velasco never recanted a word of the story resulting in his having to leave the Navy and began to work in the private sector starting with a job in a bus company He eventually settled into work as a commercial agent in an insurance company in Bogotá When Gabriel García Máruez published the story fifteen years later — in 1970 — in the book Relato de un Náufrago he generously ceded the author's rights and royalties to Velasco In 1983 Velasco sued for translation rights to the book and lost In the last week of his life he apologized to García Máruez for the lawsuit He died in Bogotá on August 2 2000 aged 66 It is been ten years since I set foot on sea as you guess am really scared of I didn’t try learn to swim and almost drowned twice trying to show off my nonexistent swimming prowess to people I don’t try to aboard any ship and if I tried I must make sure I have my life saving jacket near me so when things go wrong which they don’t happen but seeing my jacket calms me downThe story tells what it means to be stranded in sea where there is no water or food for ten days and surviveOur story begins when a Colombian navy Caldas sails from mobile Alabama in February 1955 where they docked in the port for repairs for the last 8 months The 7 sailors with our hero Luis Alejandro Valasco used most of the time going to movies with their American girl friends or went to bar to drink whiskey and start brawlsHowever after watching the movie Caine Mutiny the 8 sailors feelings became uneasy not like they knew what will happen to them but what will they do if they were caught in a situation like they saw in the movieThe ship has started to shake in febuary 27 at 10 pm until 1130 but after few minutes the ship was capsized and some of the sailors who were on the roof have fallen overboardWhat happens after that can be hard for anyone to think about as Luis who found a raft started to move the toward remaining three survivors of his shipmates it become futile as he watched them helplessly drown as the waves was getting biggerAfter that is ten days of struggle against nature where he fights off sharks for a fish where he falls overboard twice but thankfully at the time there were no sharks around he fights off extreme hunger and thirst and even catches a bird but the sight of flesh makes him feel nauseas and eventually he throws it to the hungry who accompanied himamazing story of endurance and surviving This was such a uick read at 106 pages long I was able to finish this in just fifteen minutes Inspired by true events after a ship sinks the only survivor lasts for ten days on a lifeboat without food and water The storytelling reminded me so much of a book that I had to read for my Access class in English Literature Life of PI by Yann Martel however I enjoyed this short story It was visual action packed however I did feel a disconnection towards the survivor and was expecting of an adventurous tale Him having the bravery to share his life story was inspiring good uick read that didn’t leave me fully satisfied Think of a writer who can make you smile happy and laugh with just the title of his work or with its prologue written in four short pages I have one and only one Gabriel Joselito de la Concordia Garcia Maruez And it is here where he didn't tell his own story but the story of another written in the first person narrative but in GG Maruez's hand sort of like The Autobiography of Alice B Toklas by Gertrude Stein The title you see from the image of this book here at GR is not complete as it has a sub title which sort of serves as an appetizer to this memorable dainty little dish I readswho drifted on a life raft for ten days without food or water was proclaimed a national hero kissed by beauty ueens made rich through publicity and then spurned by the government and forgotten for all timeFlip over a leaf and you'll have the prologue I was referring to which GG Maruez entitled The Story of This Story In his honor as he had passed away only yesterday and as his soul may still be here to witness this small sacrifice I am making in his name and as this prologue made me laugh several times I am reproducing it here in all its gloryFebruary 28 1955 brought news that eight crew members of the destroyer Caldas of the Colombian Navy had fallen overboard and disappeared during a storm in the Caribbean Sea The ship was traveling from Mobile Alabama in the United States where it had docked for repairs to the Colombian port of Cartagena where it arrived two hours after the tragedy A search for the seamen began immediately with the cooperation of the US Panama Canal Authority which performs such functions as military control and other humanitarian deeds in the southern Caribbean After four days the search was abandoned and the lost sailors were officially declared dead A week later however one of them turned up half dead on a deserted beach in northern Colombia having survived ten days without food or water on a drifting life raft His name was Luis Alejandro Velasco This book is a journalistic reconstruction of what he told me as it was published one month after the disaster in the Bogota daily El EspectadorWhat neither the sailor nor I knew when we tried to reconstruct his adventure minute by minute was that our exhaustive digging would lead us to a new adventure that caused a certain stir in the nation and cost him his honor and could have cost me my skin At that time Colombia was under the military and social dictatorship of General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla whose two most memorable feats were the killing of students in the center of the capital when the Army broke up a peaceful demonstration with bullets and the assassination by the secret police of an undetermined number of Sunday bullfight fans who had booed the dictator's daughter at the bullring The press was censored and the daily problem for opposition newspapers was finding politically germ free stories with which to entertain their readers At El Espectador those in charge of that estimable confectionary work were Guillermo Cano director; Jose Salgar editor in chief and I staff reporter None of us was over thirtyWhen Luis Alejandro Velasco showed up of his own accord to ask how much we would pay him for his story we took it for what it was a rehash The armed forces had seuestered him for several weeks in a naval hospital and he had been allowed to talk only with reporters favorable to the regime and with one opposition journalist who had disguised himself as a doctor His story had been told piecemeal many times had been pawed over and perverted and readers seemed fed up with a hero who had rented himself out to advertise watches because his watch hadn't even slowed down during the storm; who appeared in shoe advertisements because his shoes were so sturdy that he hadn't been able to tear them apart to eat them; and who had performed many other publicity stunts He had been decorated he had made patriotic speeches on radio he had been displayed on television as an example to future generations and he had toured the country amid bouuets and fanfares signing autographs and being kissed by beauty ueens He had amassed a small fortune If he was now coming to us without our having invited him after we had tried so hard to reach him earlier it was likely that he no longer had much to tell that he was capable of inventing anything for money and that the government had very clearly defined the limits of what he could say We sent him away But on a hunch Guillermo Cano caught up with him on the stairway accepted the deal and placed him in my hands It wa as if he had given me a time bombMy first surprise was that this solidly built twenty year old who looked like a trumpet player than a national hero had an exceptional instinct for the art of narrative an astonishing memory and ability to synthesize and enough uncultivated dignity to be able to laugh at his own heroism In twenty daily sessions each lasting six hours during which I took notes and sprang trick uestions on him to expose contradictions we put together an accurate and concise account of his ten days at sea It was so detailed and so exciting that my only concern was finding readers who would believe it Not solely for that reason but also because it seemed fitting we agreed that the story would be written in the first person and signed by him This is the first time my name has appeared in connection with the textThe second and important surprise occurred during the fourth day of work when I asked Luis Alejandro Velasco to describe the storm that caused the disaster Aware that his statement was worth its weight in gold he answered with a smile 'There was no storm' It was true the weather bureau confirmed that it had been another clear and mild February in the Caribbean The truth never published until then was that the ship tossed violently by the wind in heay seas had spilled its ill secured cargo and the eight sailors overboard This revelation meant that three serious offenses had been committed first it was illegal to transport cargo on a destroyer; second the overweight prevented the ship from maneuvering to rescue the sailors; and third the cargo was contraband refrigerators television sets and washing machines Clearly the account like the destroyer was loaded with an ill secured moral and political cargo that we hadn't foreseenThe story divided into installments ran for fourteen consecutive days At first the government applauded the literary consecration of its hero Later when the truth began to emerge it would have been politically dishonest to halt publication of the series the paper's circulation had almost doubled and readers scrambled in front of the building to buy back issues in order to collect the entire series The dictatorship in accordance with a tradition typical of Colombian governments satisfied itself by patching up the truth with rhetoric in solemn statement it denied that the destroyer had been loaded with contraband goods Looking for a way to substantiate our charges we asked Luis Alejandro Velasco for a list of his fellow crewmen who owned cameras Although many of them were vacationing in various parts of the country we managed to find them and buy the photographs they had taken during their voyage One week after the publication of the series the complete story appeared in a special supplement illustrated with the sailors' photographs Behind the groups of friends on the high seas one could see the boxes of contraband merchandise and even unmistakably the factory labels The dictatorship countered the blow with a series of drastic reprisals that would result months later in the shutdown of the newspaper Despite the pressure the threats and the most seductive attempts at bribery Luis Alejandro Velasco did not recant a word of his story He had to leave the Navy the only career he had and disappeared into the oblivion of everyday life After two years the dictatorship collapsed and Colombia fell to the mercy of other regimes that were better dressed but not much just while in Paris I began my nomadic and somewhat nostalgic exile that in certain ways also resembles a drifting raft No one heard anything about that lone sailor until a few months later when a wandering journalist found him seated behind a desk at a bus company I have seen the photograph taken of him then he had grown older and heavier and looked as if life had passed through him leaving behind the serene aura of a hero who had had the courage to dynamite his own statueI have not reread this story in fifteen years It seems worthy of publication but I have never uite understood the usefulness of publishing it I find it depressing that the publishers are not so much interested in the merit of the story as in the name of the author which much to my sorrow is also that of a fashionable writer If it is now published in the form of a book that is because I agreed without thinking about it very much and I am not a man to go back on his word G G M Barcelona February 1970Rest in peace tocayo The Story of a Shipwrecked Sailor is an ideal book for all readers that like the stories of survival and adventure the same as me ;D It's a short book but written by the excellence of Gabriel García Máruez For me it has been a great reference book for the writing of my own novel Lights on the Sea I recommend The Story of a Shipwrecked to everyone especially the one who want to discover Gabriel García Máruez amazing writingSpanish versionDiario de un náufrago es un libro ideal para todos los lectores aficionados a los relatos de supervivencia viajes y aventuras Es un libro corto pero escrito con la excelencia con ue Máruez cuenta las historias Para mí ha sido un libro de referencia para la escritura de mi primera novela Luces en el Mar Recomiendo Diario de un Náufrago a todo el mundo especialmente a todos auellos ue uieran descubrir la manavisosa manera con ué Gabriel García Máruez escribe Continuing my accidental trend of novellas featuring sailors seamen Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea John Steinbeck's The PearlBeen meaning to read GGM for ages but a mammoth novel can be intimidating So when I saw this slim volume on the shelf I picked it up Discovering in the introduction that this was actually a true story that the author covered during his time at a Colombian newspaper serialized in 14 parts I was initially disappointed that this wasn't a whole cloth creation as I'd assumed; certainly this would prove less compelling than the fiction novels he's gained such acclaim forHow wrong I wasThis may be only a short novella but it's gripping harrowing and at times gut wrenching in its terror The account of this one man's 10 days at sea unprotected from the elements devoid of food and water at the mercy of the shark infested ocean It's ruthless and so vivid that I was forced to go online and verify that yes this IS actually a true story and not something made upThe final chapter is entitled My Heroism Consisted of Not Letting Myself Die WowSo worth reading This is a journalistic reconstruction of what happened on a clear calm early 1955 morning on a destroyer traveling from Mobile Ala to Cartagena Columbia when eight sailors were suddenly swept overboard and the lone survivor thereafter battled overwhelming odds during than 10 days at sea Published in serial form in a local Bogota newspaper later that year the straightforward narrative account contains little of the flow and rhythms of Maruez's later dancing prose Only the entire titleThe Story of a Shipwrecked Sailor who drifted on a life raft for ten days without food or water was proclaimed a national hero kissed by beauty ueens made rich through publicity and then spurned by the government and forgotten for all time is evocative of the familiar mature Maruez style but his fans may appreciate this early journalistic piece as prelude to his later short stories and novels One of GGM's retelling of a real life event A sailor and 7 colleagues are washed overboard from an overloaded destroyer He is the only sailor and survives for ten days without food or water Initially a hero he is disparaged by the military dictator government who became embarrassed by the condition of the destroyer and its contraband cargoEven though you know the guy is going to survive it is an exciting story of an event that no one would want to experience When you feel close to death your instinct for self preservation grows strongerIn agony a fish can jump higher and farther than it otherwise canHunger is bearable when you have no hope of food