Thinking, Fast and Slow

Thinking, Fast and Slow❰PDF❯ ✎ Thinking, Fast and Slow Author Daniel Kahneman – In the highly anticipated Thinking Fast and Slow Kahneman takes us on a groundbreaking tour of the mind and explains the two systems that drive the way we think System 1 is fast intuitive and emotiona In the highly anticipated Thinking Fast and Slow Kahneman takes us on a groundbreaking tour of the mind and explains the two systems that drive the way we think System is fast intuitive and emotional; System is slower deliberative and logical Kahneman exposes the extraordinary capabilities—and also the faults and biases—of fast thinking and reveals the pervasive influence of intuitive impressions on our thoughts and behavior The impact of loss aversion and overconfidence on corporate strategies the difficulties of predicting what will make Thinking, Fast PDF/EPUB or us happy in the future the challenges of properly framing risks at work and at home the profound effect of cognitive biases on everything from playing the stock market to planning the next vacation—each of these can be understood only by knowing how the two systems work together to shape our judgments and decisionsEngaging the reader in a lively conversation about how we think Kahneman reveals where we can and cannot trust our intuitions and how we can tap into the benefits of slow thinking He offers practical and enlightening insights into how choices are made in both our business and our personal lives—and how we can use different techniues to guard against the mental glitches that often get us into trouble Thinking Fast and Slow will transform the way you think about thinking. In the last few years two books took me FOREVER to get through The first was Daniel Dennett's Darwin's Dangerous Idea and the second is Kahneman's Thinking Fast and Slow What caused this? What do they have in common? Both books explain in minute detail simple concepts with immensely far reaching implications and both have been after the slog the most intellectually rewarding reading of my adult life Where to begin I have a number of theories running around in my head and occasionally I try to corral them on paper I organize seuence and interconnect them in a way that will prevent my reader from meaningfully widening their eyes in an aside while winding their finger around one ear Cuckoo Good writing about complex topics is very very difficult and Kahneman has corraled 30 years of science his career and all he has learned into a perfectly arranged seuence that leads the reader into a wilderness provisioning you in each chapter with the tools you'll need for the next part of the journeyThe second most striking effect on me is the number of times I said Yes YES this is what I've been saying In my case it has usually been some sort of intuitiveexcuse me Mr Kahneman I mean System 1 recognition of a pattern in my observations about the way we think In Kahneman's case those intuitions have been converted into theoretical propositions each meticulously researched in well designed experiments Clearly this is at least one difference between me and a Nobel Prize winning researcherSo why does this stuff matter? In the context of broader discussions of free will intention choice and control over the directions our lives take this book can provide powerful insights that might currently be obscured by these cognitive illusions and the inherent limitations of System 1System 2 thinking Perhaps we're not as free in our decisions as we might like to think if priming has such a stunningly reproducible effect Perhaps we're not so determined if activities that initially reuire System 2 attention can be turned into second nature technical expertise intuitions Ie learning and training MATTERS in our ability to detect and respond to events that if untrained might take advantage of our brain's inherent blind spots or weaknesses Perhaps childhood religious indoctrination is a very adept recognition of these mental tendenciesflaws so profoundly if intuitivelynaively expressed by Ignatius Loyola founder of the Jesuit order Give me the boy until 7 I will give you the man paraphrased; forgive me Kahneman's discoveries and documentation of mental capacity and biases could form the basis of a Mental Martial Arts program an alternative form of indoctrination in which students are trained to understand their brains' weaknesses and learn to take stances or engage in practices that eliminate or reduce the errors to which these weaknesses can lead This book will rearrange the way you think about how you think An unrelentingly tedious book that can be summed up as follows We are irrationally prone to jump to conclusions based on rule of thumb shortcuts to actual reasoning and in reliance on bad evidence even though we have the capacity to think our way to better conclusions But we're lazy so we don't We don't understand statistics and if we did we'd be cautious in our judgments and less prone to think highly of our own skill at judging probabilities and outcomes Life not only is uncertain we cannot understand it systemically and luck has just as much to do with what happens to us maybe even than we care to admit When in doubt rely on an algorithm because it's accurate than your best guess or some expert's opinion Above all determine the baseline before you come to any decisions If you like endless and I mean endless algebraic word problems and circuitous anecdotes about everything from the author's dead friend Amos to his stint with the Israeli Air Defense Force if you like slow paced rambling explanations that rarely summarize a conclusion if your idea of a hot date is to talk Bayesian theory with a clinical psychologist or an economist then this book is for you who are likely a highly specialized academically inclined person Perhaps you are even a blast at parties I don't know But if you're like me and you prefer authors to cut to the chase make their point and then leave you with a whopping big appendix if you're interested in the regression analysis of how many freshmen would watch a guy choke to death because they think someone else will come to the rescue then this book is not for youIf you want to take the Reader's Digest pass through the book then Chapter 1 and Section 3 are probably the most accessible and can be read in less than an hour and still leave you with a fair understanding of the author's thesis This is a fascinating book Reading this book means not having to read so many others For example you could avoid having to read Sway Blink Nudge and probably a dozen or so other books on Behavioural Economics And the best part of it is that this is the guy or at least one half of the two guys who came up with these ideas in the first place I was thinking that perhaps the best way to explain those other books would be to compare them to Monty Python I want you to imagine something say you had spent your entire life and never actually seen an episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus That wouldn't mean you wouldn't know anything about Monty Python It is impossible to have lived at any time since the late 60s and not have had some socially dysfunctional male reprise the entire Parrot sketch or Spanish Inuisition sketch at you at some stage in your life I suspect although there is no way to prove this now obviously that Osama bin Laden could do the Silly Walk like a natural Well if you had never seen an episode of Monty Python and your entire experience of their work was via the interpretation of men of a certain age down the pub then finally getting to see an episode of the original would be much the same effect as reading this book Hundreds of people have already told all this guy's best stories in their own books but all the same it is a pleasure to hear them again by the guy that first said 'this parrot is dead' or rather 'framing effects make fools of us all'You need to read this book but what is particularly good about it is that you come away from it knowing we really are remarkably easy to fool It's because we think we know stuff that this comes as a constant surprise to us Years ago I was talking to a guy who liked to bet Everyone needs a hobby and that was his Anyway he told me he was playing two up an Australian betting game and he realised something like tails hadn't come up freuently enough and so he started betting on tails and sure enough he made money I told him that coins don't remember the last throw and so the odds of getting a tail was still 50% as it had previously been But I had no credibility I'd already told him I never bet so how would I possibly know anything if I wasn't even brave enough to put my own money on the outcome? And didn't I understand the point of this story was he had already WON?Still when faced with a series of coin flips that run H H H H H T H H H it does feel like tails are 'due' This is the sort of mistake we are all too prone to make The thing to remember is that while there is a law of large numbers toss a coin often enough and in the very long run there will be as many heads turn up as tails that isn't the case in the short run where just about anything is possibleWe that is we humans are remarkably bad at mental statistics And what makes it worse is that we are predictably bad at statistics And this brings me to Bourdieu and him saying that Sociology is kind of martial art He means that Sociology allows you to defend yourself from those who would manipulate you Well this book is the Bruce Lee book of advanced self defence Learning just how we fool ourselves might not make you feel terribly great about what it means to be human but at least you will know why you hav stuffed up next time you do stuff up I'm not sure it will stop you stuffing up but that would be asking for an awful lot from one bookIf you want the short version of this book he has provided the two papers that probably got him the Nobel Prize and they are remarkably clear easy to understand and comprehensive But look read this book it will do you good I kind of want to cut this book in half praise the first part and stick the second part in some corner to gather dust Not that the second part is bad mind you; the entire book is well written and obviously the product of someone who knows their field There’s just a lot of it Thinking Fast and Slow is kind of like a guest who shows up to your party and then dazzles everyone with an impromptu 15 minute oration on the geopolitical situation in South Ossetia; and everyone applauds and turns to go back to their own conversations only for the guest to launch into another story about the time they parachuted into the Balkans to break up a nascent civil war a story which is followed uickly by a similar tale of a visit to Southeast Asia Well I think you catch my drift Daniel Kahneman spins an interesting tale of human psychology and the way our brains interpret and act on data But the book overstays its welcome by a few hundred pagesKahneman’s thesis breaks our decision making systems into two pieces System 1 and System 2 which are the respective “fast” and “slow” of the title System 1 provides intuitive judgements based on stimulus we might not even be conscious of receiving; it’s the snap signals that we might not even know we are acting upon System 2 is the contemplative cognitively taxing counterpart that we engage for serious mental exertion Though often oppositional in the types of decisions they produce Kahneman is keen to emphasize that it’s not about System 1 versus System 2 Instead he’s out to educate us about how the interplay between these systems causes us to make decisions that aren’t always rational or sensible given the statistics and evidence at handKahneman takes us through an exhaustive tour of biases and fallacies people are prone to making He talks about the halo effect affection bias confirmation bias and even regression to the mean As a mathematician I liked his angle on probability and statistics; as a logician I appreciated his brief segues into the logical aspects of our contradictory decision making processes Lest I give the impression Kahneman gets too technical however I should emphasize that despite its length Thinking Fast and Slow remains aggressively accessible There are a few points where if you don’t have a basic grasp of probability and if Kahneman demonstrates anything it’s that most people don’t then you might feel talked over or maybe it’s those less than infreuent casual mentions of “and later I won a Nobel Prize” But this book isn’t so much about science as it is about peopleThere are two other things I really appreciated about this book both of which are related to psychology I’m a fairly easygoing person and I don’t always like to make waves but sometimes I like to make some trouble and argue with some of my friends about whether psychology is a science The problem for psychology is that it’s actually a rather broad term for a series of overlapping fields of investigation into human behaviour On one end of this continuum you have Freud and Jung and the various psychoanalysts who let’s face it are one step up from astrologers and palm readers On the other end you have the cutting edge cognitive psychology informed by the neuroscience of MRIs split brain studies and rat research So claiming that psychology is or isn’t a science is a little simplistic and I’m willing to grant that there are areas within psychology that are science For what it’s worth Kahneman went a long way to reinforcing this it’s clear he and his collaborators have done decades of extensive research Now yes it’s social science but I won’t get into that particular snobbery todayThe other thing I liked about Thinking Fast and Slow is its failure to mention evolutionary psychology Once in a while Kahneman alludes to System 1’s behaviour being the result of evolutionary adaptation—and that’s fine because it is true almost tautologically so But he never uite delves into speculation about why such behaviour evolved and I appreciate this There’s a difference between identifying something as an adaptation and determining why it’s an adaptation and I’m not a fan of evolutionary psychologists’ attempts to reduce everything to the trauma of trading trees for bipedalism I’m willing to admit I have an ape brain but culture must count for something hmm?I suppose it’s also worth mentioning that this book reaffirms my supercilious disregard for economics According to Kahneman stock brokers and investors have no idea what they are doing—and some of them know this but most of them don’t Economists are for the most part highly trained but they seem bent upon sustaining this theoretical fantasy land in which humans are rational creatures Aristotle aside the data seem to say it isn’t so I occasionally try my hand at reading books about the economy just so I can say I did but they usually end up going over my head I’m a mathematician and I don’t get numbers—but at least I’m not the only oneSo Thinking Fast and Slow is genuinely interesting I learned a lot from it I would rate it higher but I was starting to flag as I approached the finish line Truth be told I skipped the two articles Kahneman includes at the end that were the original publications about the theories he explains in the book I’m sure they are fascinating for someone with stamina but at that point I just wanted to be done That’s never good one of the responsibilities of a non fiction author is to know how to pace a book and keep its length appropriate Too short and the book is unsatisfying—too long and maybe it’s so And I think this flaw is entirely avoidable; it’s a result of Kahneman’s tendency to reiterate to circle back around to the same discussions over and over again He spends an entire chapter on prospect theory then a few chapters later he’s telling us about its genesis all over again just from a slightly different angle Like that party guest Kahneman is full of interesting stories but after telling one after another for such a long period of time it starts sounding like white noise And he ate all those little cocktail snacks tooI inevitably ended up comparing Thinking Fast and Slow to How We Decide a much slimmer volume along much the same lines as this one Whereas Lehrer’s focus is on the neurology behind decision making Kahneman is interested in the psychology Both books boil down to we suck at automatic decision making when statistics are involved; therefore we behave less rationally than we believe we do Lehrer explains why things go wrong and Kahneman categorizes all the different way things go wrong In many ways the books are complementary and if this is an area of interest for you I’ll recommend them both For the casual reader however Thinking Fast and Slow is a rather dense meal By all means give it a try but take it slowAlso posted on KaraReviews where you can easily browse all my reviews and subscribe to my digest newsletter If your objective like it is when one finishes reading a self help book is to implement what Mr Kahneman has to say in real life and benefit from it I should warn you you will be sorely disappointed Believe it or not in my opinion I believe Mr Kahneman is telling you exactly that in this book that whether you like it or not your entire life is guided or may I say decided by two fundamental ideas and that there is very little you can do to change it period Mr Kahneman is probably the villain in every modern day spiritual guru's life he argues very effectively that contrary to what these gurus may say the external world your environment surroundings or even society for that matter has a large say in your personal deliberate actions You don't have a choice So having said that shelving this book in psychology section would be gross injustice In my view this is such a good commentary of human nature The two are different very much so Read it totally worth it in my opinion Can get a little too drab but hang in there this book is an eye opener Hands down one of the best books in its genre The book is a lengthy self conscious and a challenging read but highly recommended if you're interested in why human beings behave the way they behave It's given me so much 'oh snap so that's why we're so dumb' moments that at this point I don't even want to admit I'm a human to any space time traveling race that comes in collision of 21st century EarthCiting behavioral research studies he's convinced me that human confidence is a measure of whether a person has built up a coherent story not that the person truly knows what she's doing He's convinced me that the feeling of 'ease' is just cognitive familiarity He's convinced me why first impressions matter than we think due to the Halo effect He's convinced me that the human mind doesn't understand non events We think we understand the past but we really don't We create coherency by attributing causality to events but not to non events In other words we underestimate the role of luck or the role of unknown variables in a given situation He has given me reason to believe that in low validity environments it's better to use formula's than to listen to expert human judgment For example the stability of a marriage can be better predicted by a simple euation like stability freuency of love making freuency of arguing than an expert opinionBut one of the most interesting hypothesis he builds up is the existence of two systems in the mind System 1 is prone to cognitive biases described above but it's also where morality comes from Not to mention intuitive judgment and hueristic answers to life's everyday uestions Would you believe it? Morality is of an intuitive thing than a logical and reasonable framework And the funny thing is without system 1 we'd won't survive a day in the life Not to mention we wouldn't act human System 2 on the other hand is introspective rational and is capable of being aware of the cognitive biases created by System 1 If my understanding is correct then we can replicate system 2 by a machine or artificial intelligence But that machine will not have the same extent of morality that we have food for thought In later chapters of the book he describes another variation of duality in the human mind An Experiencing Self and a Remembering Self With countless examples both experimental and anecdotal he vividly paints a picture of how humans have this notion of I am my remembering self and strangely my experiencing self is a stranger to me We're actually okay with letting our Experiencing Self suffer for the good of the Remembering Self This ties in to the cognitive bias of focusing Illusion Focalism and how we tend to overestimate a certain aspect of life To put the icing on the cake he finalizes the book by analyzing how we appreciate value and judge the uality of our lives with all these biases combined And it's amazing how irrational we are in doing so Not only have I realized from this book that I should stop worrying about societal standards because they are mostly based on irrational biases but that I should spend a significant amount of my time and effort to into creating a value structure ideally suited for myself Now only if I had bit memory and cpu speed on System 2 Thinking Fast and Slow is just okay It's being marketed as a book on psychology and economic psychology in particular for the layperson I'm not sure if other laypeople agree but this wasn't really for me And it's not that the prose is too technical okay sometimes it is but rather that Kahneman is stuck somewhere between academic technicalities and clear expressive prose Note The rest of this review has been withdrawn due to the recent changes in Goodreads policy and enforcement You can read why I came to this decision hereIn the meantime you can read the entire review at Smorgasbook It is very difficult to judge review or analyze a book that basically challenges the very idea of human “Rationalism” Are humans perfectly rational? This dude Daniel Kahneman got a Nobel Prize in Economics for saying they are not An ordinary person might have been treated with glare or a stinging slap if he said that to someone’s face We simply don’t like being told that we are not very rational and certainly not as intelligent as we think we are Hidden in the depths of our consciousness are some ‘actors’ that keep tempering with our ‘rationality’ And we almost consciously allow this to happen All in all this book is a tour de force of Behavioral Psychology Explaining how our mind comes to conclusions and makes decisions Kahneman explains that our intuition and decision making part of brain has two personalities These personalities he says are not two different or distinct systems but to understand them better we will have to assign personalities not only to understand them better but also to be able to relate to them on a personal level The two systems are called system 1 and system 2 for the sake of convenience System 1 is vigilant impulsive judgmental easily manipulated highly emotional System 2 on the other hand is the total opposite of system 1 it is very intelligent indolent mostly drowsing off in the back of our head difficult to convince and extremely stubborn and it only comes to action when there is some sort of ‘emergency’ Both these systems are susceptible to a number of biases system 1 than system 2 I thought Kahneman would build up this narrative systematically but he goes on to give us a tour of his years of research experiments and surveys exploring every nook of our conscious human mind He focuses on a diverse set of heuristics and biases that influence our judgments in everyday life With some brilliant experiments and survey reports he convincingly elaborates the effects that these biases have on our decisions Never forgetting to highlight the fallacies of our consciousness he touches on a number of other important breakthroughs in the world of psychology This is a very simple case of visual illusion where we see two lines of same size appearing to be of varying lengths Even after knowing that they are eual and the illusion is created by the fins attached to them our system 1 still impulsively signals that one of them is longer then the other Through this simple illustration he moves on to introduce Cognitive Illusions which are fascinating and are drastically effective Kahneman contends that it is extremely difficult to overcome heuristic biases Although through methods like using statistical formulas and deliberate scrutiny we can ‘rationalize’ our decisions to some extent Still we are inherently prone to fall for dazzling rhetoric and dashing figures we believe in myths and incidents that are as improbable as they are ludicrous because this is the way we see things But this is not undesirable altogether some of the intuitive abilities are an evolutionary blessing that help us understand emotions and make correct decision in split seconds Neither does the author deems it expedient to overcome these biases but only to recognize them and put our system 2 to work before making crucial judgments I am afraid that this review is getting a bit too long and to be honest I don’t think anyone reads long reviewsExcept some of my nerdy goodread friends who then leave an eually baffling Proustian comment which of course takes uite a while to be properly understood So I will mention a summary of some critical biases ideas and psychological phenomenon that I found interesting I have attempted to summarize some heuristics biases and psychological principle that I thought would make a fascinating introduction to tempt a novice like me to further explore the subject They are just the tip of iceberg and not by any means exhaustive and just comprise a small part of what this book is all about Associative machine System 1 works in surprising ways read this BANANA VOMIT Now a lot happened in last few seconds when you read these two words You wore an expression of disgust and a very bad image came to your mind your body too reacted in disgust and for short time you might not want to eat bananas All of this was automatic and beyond your control It was “The Associative Machine” of system 1 We associate seemingly some unrelated images and with some imagination form an image Our brain loves patterns and some times it sees things that aren’t even there A very interesting clip in which Simon Singh shows associative machine at work Exposure to a word causes immediate changes in the ease with which many related words can be evoked If you have recently heard the word EAT you are temporarily likely to complete the word fragment SOP as SOUP than as SOAP The opposite would happen if you had just seen WASHSimilarly exposure to an idea or event can also have similar temporary effect on our behavior “Florida Effect”Cognitive Ease We all love it when we don’t have to work too hard because system 2 doesn’t like being bothered So we admire and rather look for cognitive ease Things that are less complex have a positive effect on our behavior Psychologists use the term “Mind at ease puts a smile on the face” Similarly smiling and laughing can also ease our mind system 1 and make us feel confident and in control Anything that is easy to understand read or see is likely to have a positive effect on us as compared to anything that we have a hard time understanding or visualizingExposure Effect We are likely to choose the thing we are familiar with The principle that “Familiarity breeds liking” suggests that we are inclined towards anything that is familiar and has been exposed to us before in past The the exposure is the we will be inclined towards it This principle is excellently illustrated in Will Smith’s “Focus” 2015a similar trick is used to con a billionaire Normality illusion Things that recur with greater freuency are considered normal no matter how horrendous they are Two people killed in a terrorist attack in a western country are likely to be mourned then a hundreds of children killed in Gaza by a missile strike Simply due to the fact that children in Gaze get bombed all the time while a terrorist attack that kills innocents is sort of rarity in Europe and America The same concept is present in Orwell’s Animal Farm in which pigs start to dominate other animals and it becomes the norm after a whileSubstitution If a satisfactory answer to a hard uestion is not found uickly System 1 will find a related uestion that is easier and will answer it For instance when asked How happy are you with your life these days? Its likely that we don’t use a broad frame to answer the uestion and substitute it with a simpler uestion “What is my mood right now?” System 1 can readily answer the substitute uestion but to answer the real uestion System 2 would have to be excited which as we know System 2 doesn’t like In everyday life we use this to avoid making decisions and expressions based on factual background and therefore make an impulsive and sometimes irrational comment to a difficult uestion What you see is there is We take pride in our intuitive abilities which leads us to believe that we know the whole truth no matter how fallible our sources are and not withstanding the fact that there is always another side of the picture When we hear a story or an incident we tend to accept it as a fact without considering any view dissenting or contradicting it Psychologists call it “WYSIATI” complex; we are much gullible than we like to believe But it is again the mischief of System 1 that leads us to believe a narrative impulsively and without further inuisition as to its authenticity It is also another example of our intuitive tendency to see things in a narrow frameLoss Aversion Call it a gift of evolution or survival instinct but we are naturally loss averse in most of our decisions We are likely to abandon a huge profit if there is some probability of an eually huge loss We do want to have but not at the cost of putting our own at stake we relish our possessions than our desire to have Overconfidence and Hindsight bias A general limitation of our mind is its imperfect ability to reconstruct past states of knowledge or beliefs that have changed Once you adopt a new view of the world or any part of it you immediately lose much of your ability to recall what you used to believe before your mind changed We see people everyday saying that what just happened was what they always thought would happen and they in their overconfidence start believing that they always knew in hindsight that such an event was probable see Halo Effect Prospect theory This theory attempts to explain the way people choose between probabilistic alternatives that involve risk where the probabilities of outcomes are known Kahneman illustrates it through this graph This theory is one of his most important in the field of behavioral economics Owing to its complexity I can not summarize it here PS I highly recommend this book to anyone with a serious interest in Behavioral Psychology Don’t waste your time on self help books when you can read the real stuff Often I find myself in conversations with people who are criminally opinionated but have little in the way of empirical grounding It’s common in these situations to hear them malign opponents of their views by reducing the conflict to a single factor; My opponent is so dumb they couldn’t hump a bacteria if they were a horny phage Now putting aside the fact that single factor analysis is a mugs game when discussing things of any complexity which is basically everything when resorting to these oversimplifications with human behavior you asymptotically approach infinite incorrectness My common refrain in these times is to dip into my uote bag and castigate the misguided with Popper’s glib witticism “A theory that explains everything explains nothing” Or channeling the Arch Bishop of astuteness John Stuart Mill I rise up gesturing dramatically and pitching my voice just so “He who knows only his side of the case knows little of that” Hoping their snotty self assurance will recede before my rational indignation like an anabolic hairlineThis shit never works Putting aside the fact that I’m subject to the same cognitive limitations uotations often arrive on the scene like a flaccid member with intimations of a proper impression hidden somewhere in that bloodless noodle if only the other party would play with it But much like idioms there’s just not enough chemistry to warrant heavy pettingNext I will resort to recalling numerous studies which have totally pin cushioned the uaint notion that we are dispassionate logical thinkers When in fact barring a commitment to scientific principles we have strong intuitions that we seek to justify through means of strategic reasoning “We’re like lawyers than Vulcans” I say solemnly Starring off into the distance for dramatic effect Pensive Avoiding eye contact for an appropriate interval before turning to peer into their soul and nod as we grasp however tenuously our feeble position before the Logos Inevitably when this numinous moment arrives I am instead greeted with a vacant stare or much worse an objection Which if you’ve been following me so far means that I switch from attempting to persuade and instead silently chide my opponent for being a hopeless imbecileHow do we opt out of being unrelenting self righteous pricks? Well we probably can’t fully the gravity is just too strong Escape velocity would reuire some fundamental redesigns to a cognitive apparatus which evolved to intuit a subset of phenomena on the African savanna which bore a relationship to our reproductive success But we can sure as hell beat one another with books like this until we piss blood and can’t hold our toothbrushes due to nasty rotator cuff injuries That’ll teach us I consider this to be the Mac Daddy of bibliophilic bludgeoning implements on this topic I once blasted a man in the chest so hard with the spine of this book that in addition to the bastard rolling clean over a Pizza Hut table like it was the hood of a speeding vehicle the pages burst from between the covers like a fox vomiting hen feathers So incensed by this needless destruction of literary property I stood over the man and berated him on the importance of properly breaking in the spines of hardcovers As he wormed about in pepperoni and soda nodding if for no other reason than to avoid another terrible sounding of his sternum I also took the time to explain the central message of this book“Look man You need to realize that we’ve got these two modes of cognition One is accessible to us It’s slow and deliberative and subject to systematic interventions of logic if we but choose to learn and apply them The other does pretty much whatever it damn well pleases based on input it receives from the environment that you’re often not consciously aware of It’s good when it’s helping you get out of the way of deranged book wielders but it’s bad when it goes awry in matters that are deeply counter intuitive much of modern life and mucks about with your ability to properly steer the system you have access to”This is an important book Humanity would be much improved if these insights could percolate through society and really take hold But they probably won’t Because we’re assholes Whew Wrestled this one down to the ground It's got so much in it; I've got all I can for now I'm leaving it out in the living room for now though for refreshersThe author's aim is to prove to us that we are not rational beings to the extent we think we are that evolution has seen to that And that being the case the book outlines what we need to know so as not to mess up decisions like we have been doing like we all do And he's made it accessible He pulls you in You will get your share of Aha moments You can read it at whatever level you want You can skim over the complicated parts and go for the pithy conclusions Or if you are really into the science and scholarship there are footnotes in the back stealth footnotes without the little numbers on the book's pages so as not to intimidate the general audience All based on science It's true whether you like it or not And it is applicable to your life You can't go over it you can't go under it so go through it with this book If we all used our brains just a little what couldn't we accomplish News for August 9 2013 Daniel Kahneman is one of the sixteen Medal of Freedom recipients for this yearFebruary 11 2019 Heard on NPR Krista Tippett's On Being Sunday a week ago a good reviewoverview

Thinking, Fast and Slow eBook ¼ Thinking, Fast
  • Paperback
  • 499 pages
  • Thinking, Fast and Slow
  • Daniel Kahneman
  • English
  • 19 June 2014
  • 9780141033570