Art of the Andes: From Chavin to Inca (World of Art)

Art of the Andes: From Chavin to Inca (World of Art)❴Reading❵ ➾ Art of the Andes: From Chavin to Inca (World of Art) Author Rebecca R. Stone – This wide ranging survey has established itself as the best single volumeintroduction to Andean art and architecture and is anessential guide to pre Columbian Peru Ecuador and Bolivia forthe general r This wide ranging survey the Andes: MOBI · has established itself as the best single volumeintroduction to Andean art and architecture and is anessential guide to pre Columbian Peru Ecuador and Bolivia forthe general reader student traveller and artist alike Describingthe strikingly varied artistic achievements of the Chavín ParacasMoche Nasca Chimu and Inca cultures among others RebeccaStone has rewritten and Art of PDF/EPUB or expanded the text throughout touchingon many of the recent discoveries and advances in the fieldThroughout this fully revised third edition Stone demonstrateshow the Andean peoples adapted and refined their aesthetic responseto a formidable and demanding environment and explored the interfacebetween the terrestrial and the otherworldly according to thevalue they placed on shamanic religious experience. Rebecca R Stone not to be confused with other stony Beckys in this book kindly leads us through space and time from the sea over the coastal plains up river valleys higher through terraced mountainsides to the Altiplano towards the mountain peaks into the wet and the dry the arid deserts the sacred lakes and she pauses to allow us to glimpse into the varied greens of the beyond the AndesIn time she moves from 10000 BC to the sixteenth century picking out for particular mention the Chavin the Paracas Nasca the Moche the Tiwanaku Wari the Lambayeue Chimu Chancay and the IncaStone explains that pre colonial prehistory in the Andean region is thought of as divided into horizons generally dominated by one culture broken up by times when several smaller cultures co exist in different places The nature of the Andes is such that there are very different ecological zones to thrive people need resources from many zones fish maize potatoes cotton llamascoca and various other entheogenic plants all like uite distinct environments these might be acuired through dominance of huge areas or through trade or exchange In some cases there may not have been any practical difference between those modes a dominant authority like the Inca might command food tribute which was redistributed to other regions and 'paid out' in communal feasts to people who themselves provided labour services in tribute say building roads or terracing mountainsSome things are known about the Inca and their immediate predecessors from colonial era writings effectively before 1000 AD these people are only known through their archaeology specifically tombs and towns not all of which remained urban centres into the colonial era I wondered a bit about this and it was not something that Stone discusses but the picture of the past is only the picture of what has survived in some cases we know that architectural monuments were sheathed in metal but it was removed in the colonial era alternatively textiles have survived in certain burial contexts but we mostly have to make assumptions but the restStone also explained a lot of imagery on ceramics and on some monuments and even textiles in Shamanic terms either showing Shaman or representing their visions or perceptions I wondered if researchers had found shaman in the highlands of Peru and shown them Moche ceramics or Wari textiles and asked them their opinion or if the shaman interpretation was the produce of pure brain power I rather like the idea of the contemporary shaman looking at some of theses ancient artefacts and declaring that intense colours and loads of snakes are simply typical of the shamanic experience not all these shaman were men several of the cultures described in the book featured woman shaman on their art workAside from such grumbles I loved this book the kind of thing which for me defines sofa surfing you slump on to your sofa of choice and via the medium of a book surf across time and spaceA common theme across these Andean cultures was labour intensity everything demanded a lot of work there were the Moche mummy bundles pp62 3 reconstructed bodies in wicker baskets wrapped in cloth Some of the textiles were enormous the biggest 34 metres by 26 metres average sized ones might be 75% covered in embroidery estimates of a bundle taking from 5000 to 29000 hours to make seemingly whole families devoted their lives to making splendid garments for the dead Later entire communities may have been dedicated to specialised artisanial production The Inca carried on the Tiwanaku tradition of massive stone work perhaps literally by using the same artisans they were particularly fond of incorporating natural rock outcrops into their buildings of dressed stone emphasising the organic nature of their regime perhaps through their architectureTo my surprise Andean people did know and use the wheel Nasca ceramics handmadeutilising a turntable slip painted with a rich range of colours and a range of shapes they just did not develop the wheelbarrowTraces of human blood on Moche ceramics demonstrate their use in ritual practise while from portrait vessels it seems that the great and the good of Moche society were either sacrificed or had themselves sacrificed for the common good On the Nasca lines the idea that a human or terrestrial audience is not necessarily privileged should come as no surprise given the values of Andean art as a whole The immensity of the Lines was scaled to that of the Earth itself and perhaps the celestial and the Underworld realms as well; they are if nothing else global inclusive statements The fact that we enjoy their full beauty from low flying aircraft does not mean that the Ancients were incapable of making themMedieval European cathedrals were erected in the shape of crosses largely invisible to the populace who made and used them p90 This is not necessarily Art on or for a human scaleStone describes the key attributes of Andean Art that she holds to be consistent and typical from 10000 BC view spoilerprecisely and exactly hide spoiler a bit dense but it is after all a text book essentially I have been a student of Olmec and Mayan culturesthis was enlighteninggreat introduction to another part of the pre Columbian Americas I read this as a companion piece to Charles C Mann's 1491 and I learned a lot about demographics cultural and political practices of the Andean peoples I especially enjoyed learning about the wide range of textiles and ceramics This book is immerse in ancient Nazca information which I love An engaging uick read giving a satisfying overview of precolumbian Andean cultures Wish I'd read this before I'd traveled to Peru

Art of the Andes: From Chavin to Inca eBook ¼ the
  • Paperback
  • 248 pages
  • Art of the Andes: From Chavin to Inca (World of Art)
  • Rebecca R. Stone
  • English
  • 05 April 2016
  • 9780500204153